Papers requested for must be relevant and material to

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papers requested for must be relevant and material to the case being tried by the court or under investigation by the Ombudsman. In 1993, the Court, in Re: Request for Certified True Copies of the Sworn Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Networth of former Judge Luis D. Dictado (A.M. No. 92-9-851- RTC, Nov. 11, 1993), ruled that the OCA may extend its granted authority to retired members of the Judiciary. Wih respect to investigation conducted by the Office of the Ombudsman in a criminal case against a judge, the Court, in Maceda v. Vasquez (G.R. No. 12th 1, April 22 1993, 221 SCRA 464, 466-467), upheld its constitutional duty to exercise supervision over all inferior courts and ruled that an investigation by the Office of the Ombudsman without prior referral of the criminal case to the Court was an encroachment of a constitutional duty that ran afoul to the doctrine of separation of powers.
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 16 Corollary to the above pronouncements, Section 7, Article III of the Constitution is relevant in the issue of public disclosure of SALN and other documents of public officials, viz: Sec. 7. information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law. Emphasizing the import and meaning of the foregoing constitutional provision, the Court, in the landmark case of Valmonte v. Belmonte, Jr. (252 Phil. 264, 271-272 [1989]), elucidated on the import of the right to information in this wise: The cornerstone of this republican system of government is delegation of power by the people to the State. In this system, governmental agencies and institutions operate within the limits of the authority conferred by the people. Denied access to information on the inner workings of government, the citizenry can become prey to he whims and caprices of those to whom the power had been delegated. The postulate of public office is a public trust, institutionalized in the Constitution to protect the people from abuse of governmental power, would certainly be mere empty words if access to such information of public concern is denied. … The right to information goes hand - in-handwith he constitutional policies of full public disclosure and honesty in the public service. It is meant to enhance the widening role of the citizenry in governmental decision- making as well as in chdcking abuse in government. Thus, while “public concern” like “public interest” eludes exact definition and hass been said to embrace a broad spectrum of subjects which the public may want to know, either because such matters directly affect their lives, or simply because such matters naturally arouse the interest of an ordinary citizen, ghe Constitution itself, under Section 17, Article XI, has classified the information disclosed in the SALN as a matter of public concern and interest. In other words, a “duty
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