Of interviews ½ of men reported erotic feelings

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of interviews Findings:Homosexuality:½ of men reported erotic feelings towards men 1/3 had at least one sexual experience with another man10% of males were “more or less exclusively homosexual” for at least 3 years between 16-55Women: women and men are more alike in the biology of their sexuality than previously thoughtMarriage: ½ men and ¼ of married women had extra-marital sex. Sexual identity How one thinks of oneself in terms of whom one is romantically or sexually attracted to Practices and attitudes inform identity May be linked to sexual orientation as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual…Identity may be linked to a variety of practices.Social constructionist perspective That we are sexual is determined by a biological imperative toward reproduction, but how we are sexual – where, when, how often, with whom, and why – has to do with cultural learning, meaning transmitted in a cultural setting”Integrative perspective “sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive, and biological factors…is shaped at an early age…and evidence suggests biology, including genetic and inborn hormonal factors, play a significant role in a person’s sexuality.” History of response to homosexuality in the US : Late 1800s anti-homosexuality campaign In medical literature homosexual = psychologically ill. Heterosexuality = normal or “healthy”Homosexual acts between consenting adults illegal (Illinois is 1 st to lift ban in 1962) Medical model stigmatized homosexuals and served as the basis for prejudice. 1960s sexual revolution. 1960 the FDA approves “the Pill”An end to the “Comstock law”1965 Supreme Court rules unconstitutional to prohibit married couples from using birth control 1972 extended to singles 1977 extended to minors 1973 Roe v. Wade legal abortion. Stonewall : sequence of riots in 1969 LGBT vs. police fighting for gay activism. LGBT : collectively refers to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communityTransgender: one's gender identity does not match one's assigned sex; may be any sexual orientationLGBTQ, Q = queer or questioningLGBTI, I = intersex. DOMA and recent Supreme Court ruling for same sex familiesThe 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, was signed into law by Clinton, barring federal recognition of same-sex marriages for purposes such as Social Security survivors' benefits, insurance benefits, immigration and tax filing. Section 3 of the law defines marriage as "a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife" and a spouse as "a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife." 2013 supreme court struck down doma. Social class: Three models of how men and women decide family social class “Status borrowing”—women borrow men’s status “Independence”—each spouse looks only at own characteristics “Status sharing”—spouses use combination of their characteristics to decide status Upper : Amassed wealth, privilege, and often prestige,Recognized as cultural and social elite, Owners or senior managers of large corporations, banks, and law firms Middle :Secure, comfortable income; lives well above subsistence level Can afford nice house, car, college education for children...,Professionals and medium-sized

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