Guides the reconstruction of a system capable of

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guides the reconstruction of a system capable of resisting similar shocks. Specific interventions from UN agencies such as WHO, UNICEF, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the World Bank, among others, should give priority attention to the implementation of this strategic action. This also calls for preventive measures, especially in countries with a high probability of EVD occurrence, as predicted in this report, for example, The Gambia, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. These measures include developing early warning plans and strategies. 24 Some of the UNICEF response actions are discussed in SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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33 Concerted and urgent efforts should focus on resuscitating livelihoods that were destroyed by the EVD. Transitional support to purchase inputs is essential to prepare for the next crop, while adding cash transfers to food aid (for a limited period) would help communities facing food insecurity to reconstitute their means of sustainable livelihoods. This also includes the opening of trade corridors in the continent. The early recovery plan and strategy 25 being developed by the UN System should give priority attention to this. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and UNDP should work on the industrial component of the agricultural value chain including supporting the strengthening of the microcredit schemes and empowering small-scale businesses. Giving priority attention to addressing the structural causes of the fragility at the national and regional levels, especially for the MRU, is also pivotal. Although the epicentre countries have initiated some recovery plans, and the UN agencies are also consolidating their efforts, partnerships with the national governments and ECOWAS on the long-term approach to addressing the crisis is critical. The UN system could help the governments and ECOWAS design national and regional recovery plans, in conjunction with sources of financing and partnership building. Based on 25 Many United Nations agencies are involved, including: World Bank, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Food Programme (WFP), UNDP, UNIDO, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), WHO and UNICEF. Table 5: United Nations Ebola Response Plan (US$ million) Comon Services Guinea Liberia Sierra Leone Total (1) STOP THE OUTBREAK Case identification and contact tracing 7.0 26.8 116.5 39.2 189.5 Safe and dignified burials 0.8 4.3 14.2 4.4 23.8 (2) TREAT THE INFECTION Ebola care and infection control 7.0 52.5 212.6 59.2 331.2 Medical care for responders 10.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 14.0 (3) ENSURE ESSENTIAL SERVICES Food aid 2.5 28.4 36.3 40.4 107.7 Basic health care 1.0 47.1 12.9 36.1 97.1 Cash incentives for health workers 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 2.5 Recovery and economy 0.3 9.5 43.1 11.7 64.8 (4) PRESERVE STABILITY Supply chain management 3.9 3.1 20.7 14.8 42.6 Transport and fuel 22.9 0.0 0.5 0.0 23.4 Social mobilization 0.6 18.6 13.2 13.3 45.8 Messaging 1.5 0.3 1.1 0.3 3.2 Regional support for Points 1-4 11.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
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  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

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