Rarely feelings of anger and rage or joy and

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Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 16
Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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produce odd sensations such as strange smells or hearing voices. Rarely, feelings of anger and rage or joy and happiness can be brought on by the seizure. Auras are a form of simple partial seizure. Complex partial seizures usually last for 1 to 2 minutes, though they may last longer, and awareness is either impaired or lost while the person remains responsive. Complex partial seizures often begin with a blank stare followed by random movements such as smacking the lips or chewing. The person appears dazed, the movements are clumsy and the person’s activities lack direction. They may be unable to follow directions or answer questions. The person cannot remember what happened after the seizure is over, and may be confused. This is called the post-ictal phase. Absence (Petit Mal) Seizures Individuals may also experience an absence seizure, also known as a petit mal seizure. These are most common in children. During an absence seizure, there is brief, sudden loss of awareness or conscious activity that may be mistaken for daydreaming. There may be minimal or no movement and the person may appear to have a blank stare. Most often these seizures last only a few seconds. Absence seizures may also be referred to as nonconvulsive seizures, because the body remains relatively still during the episode, though eye fluttering and chewing movements may be seen. Febrile Seizures Young children and infants may be at risk for febrile seizures, which are seizures brought on by a rapid increase or spike in body temperature. They are most common in children under the age of 5 and typically last from a few minutes to no more than 15 minutes.
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Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 16
Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Responding to Emergencies | 266 | Sudden Illnesses Febrile seizures are often caused by ear, throat or digestive system infections and are most likely to occur when a child or an infant runs a rectal temperature of over 103° F (39 ° C). An individual experiencing a febrile seizure may experience some or all of the following symptoms: Sudden rise in body temperature Change in consciousness Rhythmic jerking of the head and limbs Loss of bladder or bowel control Confusion Drowsiness Crying out Becoming rigid Holding the breath Rolling the eyes upward Epilepsy Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, estimated to affect approximately 3 million people in the United States alone. Epilepsy is not a specific disease but a term used to describe a group of disorders in which the individual experiences recurrent seizures as the main symptom. In about one-third of all cases, seizures occur as a result of a brain abnormality or neurological disorder, but in two-thirds of cases there is no known cause. In young people (up to the age of 20), the risk for having epilepsy is approximately 1 percent, with the greatest likelihood occurring during the first year of life. People ages 20 to 55 may also develop epilepsy but have a somewhat lower risk. The risk increases again after the age of 55 as people in this age group develop strokes, brain tumors or Alzheimer’s disease, all of which can cause epilepsy. In fact, the highest rate of new

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