People usually ate w their hands usually eating

This preview shows page 6 - 8 out of 12 pages.

People usually ate w/ their hands Usually eating around the table was buffet style w/o any servers Spoons + knives were individual Italians were the first ones to use the fork→ spaghetti Love for SpicesThe Order of Courses: patterns of opposites (ex. pasta then meat)Renaissance: the pasta culture grows Importance of sugar
Food is not only something that is eaten → focus on aesthetics (food becomes a form of art+ becomes a way to socialize) Wealthy wanted to show off their wealth → more foodBeing a chef was a good profession-very ambitious if hired by chefs/families1600-1700: characteristics of Italian cuisineThe Birth of Parmesan CheeseParmesan cheese was not just on pasta Not until recently that pasta was eaten w/ tomato sauce, etc. (was eaten with sugars/spicesbefore)Very expensive (only for the wealthy) → stories of big feasts 1600s: Food culture in decline → Italy receives new ingredients from the New World(liketomatoes) Agricultural revolution = new farming techniques Local specialties + civic patriotism: specific cities started to specialize in food 1700s: PASTA DOMINATES THE ITALIAN TABLEThe disappearance of spices because of the Venice decline; only had rosemary and basilleft1800: Pellegrino Artusiand his contribution to a national Italian cuisinePellegrino Artusi wrote the cookbook “science in the kitchen”Sales man from north who loved food → retired + traveled for pleasure → had idea of collecting recipes from every place he traveled to b/c he realized there was no “Italian cuisine” (regions did not talk to each other about recipes) At the time French cuisine dominated all of Europe and he wanted Italy to havenational pride for food Became huge success → he is seen as the father of cooking by perspective future Italian housewivesPizza in NaplesThe creation of 1 Italian cuisine: French domination of Italian menusLocal vs. National foodThe birth of one emblem of Italian food → Pizza in Naples Pizza was born in Naples at the end of 1800sInitially was food for the poorest of the poor (sold in carts)Pizza margartita = tomato sauce, basil, cheese (red, green + yellow to represent the new state of Italy) Queen Margaret came to visit Naples and in order to give her a big feast, the headchef was given the task to create a special dishHe took the traditional pizza and added basil and mozzarella (colors of Italy) andnamed it pizza Margarita. Characteristics of Italian food among the immigrants to the new world and their contribution tothe formation of a national Italian cuisineEarly 1900“Mi Emigro Per Magnar” Large emigration to the New World: How the new immigrants strengthen italian cuisine abroadSearch the good flavors of Italian food Food becomes vehicle for Italian identityFusion cuisine in the New World:Meat + pasta as symbol of prosperityRegional traditions come together Fascism and foodMussolini and his love for bread

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture