5 compare and contrast the siblings apollo and

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5. Compare and contrast the siblings Apollo and Artemis . The birth of Apollo A pregnant Leto searches for refuge to give birth: - Delos accepts her Eileithyia is kept away, deceived by Hera, she’s the goddess of pangs of childbirth Upon his birth, Apollo claims lyre, bow, and prophecy Delos was home to one of Apollo’s most important sanctuaries ( Delian Apollo) When Hera finds out Zeus had a relationship with another goddess … Wrath of Hera goes beyond that of trying to deny Leto to find a place to give birth Appease Hera by giving her a beautiful necklace (book says they give it to Elie) Apollo and Delphi Pythian Apollo: the god of Delphi Founds oracle at Crisa under Mt. Parnassus Prototype of masculine beauty Eternally age before adult hes like an 18 year old forever Apollo slays the dragon guarding nearby stream - Site thus called Pytho (“I rot”) Apollo recruits Cretan sailors as temple attendants - Apollo boards ship as a dolphin, guides ship to Crisa/Pytho (pray to me as Apollo Delphinius) The sanctuary of Delphi was a Panhellenic site: Pythian Games - Rivalry and striving for physical and intellectual excellence - Celebration of athletic games
- Athletes from all over Greece - Every four years - Apollo had access to the minds of Zeus Apollo needs his own sanctuary He starts roaming around the earth Doesn’t find a suitable place until Nymph tells him to go to Crisa that is guarded by a huge serpent Apollo kills the serpent Complex motif Hero slaying the dragon Dolphins were sea monsters for ancient greeks Apollo leaps onto their ship as a dolphin Ship is carried to Delphi Apollo resumes shape and tells sailors to live here You’re going be rich being my attendants The Oracle at Delphi Attracted visitors from all over Greek world and beyond Oracular procedure: The Pythia (prophetess of Apollo) uttered the responses of the god from the adyton, seated on the tripod - The response was transcribed in hexameters by a priest and given to the inquirer - Difficult and devious nature of the god’s responses - Inner sanctuary of the temple is the adyton Purifying rituals for both the Pythia and the inquirer - The Pythia was a mature woman, chastity required - Used to be a young virgin, but one time an inquirer fell in love with one and seduced her - Inquirer had to offer an expensive sacred cake on the altar outside the temple and sacrifice a sheep once inside Pythia undergoes rituals of purification Sits herself on a three leg chair Women aged over 50 or so The Cumaean Sibyl Sibyl: more generic term for prophetess Sibyls at Cumae: famous seers of antiquity The Sibylline books (collection of prophecies) The fate of the Sibyl – Ovid, Meta Allow her as many years as life as there is dust particles?

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