100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 27 - 29 out of 59 pages.
5. Compare and contrast the siblings Apollo and Artemis. The birth of ApolloA pregnant Letosearches for refuge to give birth:-Delos accepts herEileithyiais kept away, deceived by Hera, she’s the goddess of pangs of childbirthUpon his birth, Apollo claims lyre, bow, and prophecyDelos was home to one of Apollo’s most important sanctuaries (Delian Apollo)When Hera finds out Zeus had a relationship with another goddess …Wrath of Hera goes beyond that of trying to deny Leto to find a place to give birthAppease Hera by giving her a beautiful necklace (book says they give it to Elie)Apollo and DelphiPythian Apollo:the god of DelphiFounds oracle at Crisa under Mt. ParnassusPrototype of masculine beautyEternally age before adult hes like an 18 year old foreverApollo slays the dragon guarding nearby stream-Site thus called Pytho(“I rot”)Apollo recruits Cretan sailors as temple attendants-Apollo boards ship as a dolphin, guides ship to Crisa/Pytho (pray to me as Apollo Delphinius)The sanctuary of Delphi was a Panhellenic site: Pythian Games-Rivalry and striving for physical and intellectual excellence-Celebration of athletic games
-Athletes from all over Greece-Every four years-Apollo had access to the minds of ZeusApollo needs his own sanctuaryHe starts roaming around the earthDoesn’t find a suitable place until Nymph tells him to go to Crisa that is guarded by a huge serpent Apollo kills the serpentComplex motif Hero slaying the dragon Dolphins were sea monsters for ancient greeksApollo leaps onto their ship as a dolphin Ship is carried to Delphi Apollo resumes shape and tells sailors to live hereYou’re going be rich being my attendantsThe Oracle at DelphiAttracted visitors from all over Greek world and beyondOracular procedure: The Pythia (prophetess of Apollo) uttered the responses of the god from the adyton, seated on the tripod-The response was transcribed in hexameters by a priest and given to the inquirer-Difficult and devious nature of the god’s responses-Inner sanctuary of the temple is the adytonPurifying rituals for both the Pythia and the inquirer-The Pythia was a mature woman, chastity required -Used to be a young virgin, but one time an inquirer fell in love with one and seduced her-Inquirer had to offer an expensive sacred cake on the altar outside the temple and sacrifice a sheep once insidePythia undergoes rituals of purificationSits herself on a three leg chairWomen aged over 50 or soThe Cumaean SibylSibyl: more generic term for prophetessSibyls at Cumae: famous seers of antiquity The Sibylline books (collection of prophecies)The fate of the Sibyl – Ovid, MetaAllow her as many years as life as there is dust particles?