France the Domination of De Gaulle a French political scene was dominated by

France the domination of de gaulle a french political

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France: the Domination of De Gaullea.French political scene was dominated by Charles de Gaulle inthe 1950s and 1960s
b.important leader of the French resistance movement during WW II (also helped set up the provisional government that ranFrance immediately after the war)c.the 4thRepublic’s weak parliamentary government led de Gaulle to withdraw from politics in the early 1950s d.in 1958, he re-entered politics when a new constitution established France’s 5thRepublic with a strong president (de Gaulle was the president) e.as President of France, Charles de Gaulle’s position in the Cold War was to make France the “third” nuclear power and pursue a largely independent political course favorable to western values (pulled France out of NATO)f.under de Gaulle, the French GNP increased by 5.5% annually (faster growth rate than the US) g.the French economy under de Gaulle witnessed deficits, in part due to the nationalization of key industriesh.his inability to effectively deal with the skyrocketing cost of living led to student protests and general strikes by French labor unions (restored order but resigned under pressure in 1968)8.West Germany: a New Nation?a.three major political parties emerged in post-war West Germany with the blessing of the occupying armies (Social Democrats, Christian Democrats, & Free Democrats)b.the first chancellor and “founding hero” of the West German Federal Republic was Konrad Adenauerc.Adenauer cooperated with the US (joined NATO) and sought reconciliation with the French (West Germany rearmed in 1955)d.Adenauer’s chancellorship was largely associated with the resurrection of the West German economy1.despite only having 75% population and 52% land area of pre-war Germany, West Germany’s GNP had exceeded Germany’s pre-war GNP by 19552.real wages doubled in West Germany between 1950 and 19653.unemployment fell from 8% in 1950 to 0.4% by 1965e.throughout its post-war existence, West Germany was troubled by its Nazi past1.major Nazi leaders were tried by the Allies at Nuremberg in 1945 and 19462.war crime trials continued for lesser Nazi officials but diminished as the Cold War shifted attitudes (German courts took over prosecution of war criminals in 1950)3.beginning in 1953, the West German government made payments to Israel and Holocaust survivors f.an economic downturn in the mid 1960s opened the door to the rise of the Social Democrats as they became the leading political party by the end of the 1960s9.Great Britain: the Welfare Statea.the war left Britain with massive economic problems
b.the Labour Party under Atlee promised far-reaching reforms upon coming to power in 1945c.Atlee’s government established a far-reaching welfare state by nationalizing the Bank of England, the coal and steel industries, public transportation, and public utilities d.the National Insurance Act and National Health Service Act made Britain a welfare state in the 1940s (comprehensive social security & socialized medicine)e.Britain suffered from losing its pre-war colonial revenuesf.continued economic problems brought the Conservatives

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