Fundamentalism o Seculargovernment separate from religion USA o

Fundamentalism o seculargovernment separate from

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Secular vs. Fundamentalism o Secular=government separate from religion; USA o Fundamentalism=conservative; Islam; people go by written law Old School **Every religion has people that are liberal and conservative NEWS -Hugo Chavez of Venezuela trying to manipulate constitution to keep himself in power -Nigerian oil facility attacked—8 th largest oil exporter *Real power going away from countries and to multinational corporations -Japanese prime minister visiting WWII tombs people pissed off because they were the bad guys in WWII China doesn’t like this **Beijing is Pakistan’s biggest weapon supplier China helping Pakistan build a nuclear power plant **All religions have Fundamentalist sects in them -Fundamentalists—look at old texts and go back to old ways very conservative—extreme Secular—state separate from religion theocracy=opposite from secular Major World Religions -Western religions and Eastern thought **Country border between India and Pakistan and go north=divide between east and west -West=Christianity, Judaism, Islam -East=everything else 1600 BC=Hinduism=Brahmanism/Vedic system o Caste system, cows sacred, polytheism, reincarnation, Karma (good or bad energy built up in life) o Ethnic religion—born in caste o Caste system outlawed in India (unspoken, against law), but old habits die hard o India (predominately) but India also has huge # of Muslims (*biggest minority population on planet) Violence with Muslim and Hindus, but just a regular thing o Big concentrations of Indians outside India=Hindu 1300-1200 BC=Judaism o First Abrahamic religion (western), Moses, 10 Commandments, Torah (Old Testament), Diaspora=dispersion, Romans kicked Jews out of Israel (US and UK helped re-establish Israel for Jews after WWII), Yaweh, 1 st of the monotheistic religions o Where?—US (highest % of Jews in cities like NYC, Miami, LA, Chicago), Israel 528 BC=Buddhism o Reform movement from Hinduism o Enlightened—reach Nirvana release bonds from material life o Cycle of suffering all for nothing because nothing is real, and if you figure it out, you will avoid suffering o THE MATRIX o Buddhists say nothing is permanent and you suffer because you want stuff and get attached to it o If you can detach yourself from yourself, you will reach Nirvana o Where?—Tibet, China, India (starts there, but moved out) universalizing religion 5-6 th BC=Taoism and Confucianism o Deal with different aspects of life, but compliment each other o Confucianism—relationships/hierarchy between people—what is proper Conservative Does not talk about what happens when you die Social relationships—stream off 10 Commandments o Taoism—Chi=life energy Go with the flow, let life happen Don’t go beyond natural order, balance between good and evil o Confucian Mix=Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism all mixed together in China and East Asia 6 th AD=Shinto o Japanese flare/mix of Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism 33 AD=Christianity o Jesus=Jewish, but reformed—Son of God Core difference between Christianity and
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