Adoption of resolution by the elected representatives

This preview shows page 7 - 10 out of 27 pages.

Adoption of resolution by the elected representatives of the local bodies that enunciates the inter sectoral and the intra sectoral priorities 5. Formulation of plans at the higher levels Higher levels have to coordinate, integrate, and fill in gaps of the local plans Integration of local level plans with the block or district level plans 6. Appraisal and approval of plans by an expert committee Steps in participatory planning in General Understanding the existing condition and Situation analysis Setting objectives Community Organization Analysis of problems and constraints Conflict resolution
Definition of options and interventions Preparation of action plan 3.2.2.a Understanding the existing condition and situation analysis The first phase of participatory management i.e. Information generation serves as a basis for this step which is done by employing a combination of visual diagrams followed by discussions. Understanding the existing condition of local people, their resource base is a necessary condition to proceed further to analyse the needs and problems of local people and suggest interventions for development. Situation analysis helps to dovetail/ fusion the local people’s knowledge and experts’ advice. This phase helps the local people to develop more insights about the existing condition, design the interventions to strike at the problems. It requires series of meetings and discussions to evolve local people’s perspectives and their way of reasoning. This phase calls for some meetings and discussions involving the whole village as a unit and primary stakeholders’ group as a unit for different purposes. 3.2.2.b Definition of objectives intended to be achieved SMART objectives need to be set for the project SMART stands for - Specific : the objective should specify what intends to be achieved. Measurable : standards need to be defined so that achievement of objectives can be judged Achievable : at the field situation, the set objectives should be achievable and realistic Relevant : objectives need to be relevant to the needs of local people Time Bound : Time dimension needs to be defined for achieving the objectives Objectives should be set in such a manner that they should overtly define why the project needs doing, whom it is meant for and what is the benefit at the completion of the project. Extension agency should have clarity that concerns of marginalized poor need to be addressed while setting the objectives.
3.2.2.c Community Organization Community needs to be organized into cohesive groups so that they serve as mechanisms to take command over the management of their resources. Potential stakeholders need to be identified around each problem as their needs would be addressed and thereby increase the chances of success. Stakeholders’ participation is required to infuse feeling of ownership of the project. Around a problem solving, there could be gainers as well as losers by the proposed interventions. Extension agency must

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture