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5. Both readings from the United States Fire Association (Bonfire collapse and Amtrak train derailment) have detailed sections on "lessons learned". Discuss two common themes found in these two very different incidentsBoth readings from the United States Fire Association determined that there is a need for pre-incident planning. During the bonfire incident it was determined that “planning becomes even more important in those situation”. It is imperative to identify potential sources and availability of resources way before an incident occurs.
In both scenarios the local government had an existing emergency management plan, which was up to date and had been previously exercised. Due to their pre-incident planning and their exercises, the value of planning as well as the value of sharing resources and interagency cooperation was demonstrated.Another common factor was an inadequate and unreliable communication system during the incidents. During the bonfire incident the cellular system was overloaded, whereas in the Amtrakincident the cellular system was ineffective due to dead areas and the lack of towers near the incident site. Also in both incidents the radio system was inoperable causing more of a communication problem. Both proving a need for an alternate means of communications for responders.