False analogy Employees are like nails Just as nails must be hit in the head in

False analogy employees are like nails just as nails

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False analogy - Employees are like nails. Just as nails must be hit in the head in order to make them work, so must employees. Ad hominem – “How can we vote for him becoming mayor of our city when he cheated on his SAT exam?” (make note that in addition to the ad hominem fallacy, here we have a bit of non-sequitur – the premise is true, but the conclusion that he is unfit for mayor does not stem from that) False dilemma – “America: love it or leave it.” “You are either with us or against us.” (realize that there are viable options outside those being presented) Hasty generalization – “I conducted a survey of college students at the University of Minnesota and found that a majority dislikes celery.” (Here is why I use this – you may see statements like this in your rhetorical act, and by themselves they do not appear to be fallacious. This survey and its results could in fact be accurate. But through contextual analysis, if you discover that this person’s survey only included 50 students, when the U of M has ~40,000 students, it makes it possible for you to point out that it’s a hasty generalization fallacy – one based on insufficient evidence to support the concluding claim) Slippery slope - “If you drink too much coffee, you will develop a sleeping disorder, which will cause you to buy sleeping pills, which will make you dependent and will need to see a therapist, which will make you question your lifestyle, which may cause you to lose your job” (I think there was a DirecTV commercial last year that used this fallacy).
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  • Spring '12
  • Callison

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