rome A larger architectural restructuring of the Quirinal palace and gardens

Rome a larger architectural restructuring of the

This preview shows page 112 - 115 out of 280 pages.

metaphor for Napoleon’s rule. rome A larger architectural restructuring of the Quirinal palace and gardens was also considered.The idea of a megapalace for Napoleon on a hill in Rome was contemporaneous with and comparable to Percier and Fontaine’s palace planned on the heights of the Chaillot in Paris for Napoleon’s son and heir. In Rome, as in all the Italian cities that fell under Napoleon’s spell, eager architects rushed forward with visionary projects. Scipione Perosini sought Napoleon’s attention with a gigantic project for the Capitoline Hill. Centered on the Senate House, facets of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance Rome were reconstituted in a gargantuan field of columns and halls stretching across the Forum Romanum to the Colosseum.The planning was patently French and academic in its resemblance to the visions of young designers under Boullée’s inspiration.As Antolini and the Milanese had presented a plan that their Parisian supervisors might readily recognize, appreciate, and fund, Perosini’s imperial palace sought to spark megalomaniacal aspirations, but his proposal was too grand and the project was never taken seriously. Napoleon’s direct interventions in the city of Rome were far more realistic and reasonable than Perosini hoped. Rome was in many respects revered by the French, who occupied it only quite late in their reign. Pope Pius VII, who had been elected in the March 1800 conclave held in Venice during Rome’s first republican 112 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 2.13 and 2.14 Scipione Perosini, Palais imperiale, Capitoline Hill, Rome, 1810–11. Elevation, plan
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interlude, struck a concord with Napoleon in his moderate phase. Napoleon assured the pontiff that France and its dominions would observe Catholicism as the state religion, and Pius VII ministered Napoleon’s coronation at Notre Dame in 1804. But the pope’s wavering sympathies irritated the new emperor, who occupied Rome in May 1809 and deported Pius to Fontainebleau, where the papacy would serve as an instrument of French power. Napoleonic administration of Rome over the next five years brought a considerable influx of money for building and urban management and left indelible effects on Rome.A myriad of interrelated economic and architectural projects were drafted, each focused on the social goals central to Napoleon’s investment in Italy. Large-scale archeological excavations were done by squads of unemployed locals. Commissions were formed among the professional and upper classes to shape projects supervised by the French prefect, Camille de Tournon. Napoleon often took direct interest in the projects although he never ventured to Rome to see the results. French administrative offices were accommodated in the papal chancellery, the Palazzo della Cancelleria.Tribunals were set up in the deconsecrated church. Public works on the river banks were deliberated, and enlargements of public piazzas at the Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain, the Palazzo Venezia, and the Vatican “Borgo” were drafted. Public parks and promenades were planted, archeological sites
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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