Jurisdiction the authority of a court to decide certain cases Original

Jurisdiction the authority of a court to decide

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Jurisdiction - the authority of a court to decide certain cases. Original Jurisdiction- the court hears the case first. Federal Question - a question that has to do with the US Constitution, acts of Congress, or treaties. Diversity of Citizenship - the condition that exists when the parties to a lawsuit are citizens of different states, or when the parties are citizens of a US state and citizens or the government of a foreign country. Types of Federal Courts
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I. U.S. District Courts- trial courts with general jurisdiction Trial Court - the court in which most cases begin. General Jurisdiction - exists when a court’s authority to hear cases is not significantly restricted. II. Special Courts Limited Jurisdiction - exists when a court’s authority to hear cases is restricted to certain types of claims, such as tax claims or bankruptcy petitions. Appellate Court - a court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that were originally tried in lower courts. III. The US Supreme Court- most of its work is as an appellate court; it also can exercise original jurisdiction- FISA Court - United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court- oversees requests for surveillance warrants against foreign spies inside the US Alien Removal Court - a special court consisting of five Article III judges to determine whether aliens should be deported from the US on the grounds that they are terrorists Litigate - to engage in a legal proceeding or seek relief in a court of law; to carry on a lawsuit. Class Action Suit - a lawsuit filed by an individual seeking damages for “all persons similarly situated” The Supreme Court Term: First Monday in October, usually adjourns late June, early July. Justices consider cases in 2-week cycles. They convene on Mondays, Tuesdays, and sometimes Thursdays.
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  • Fall '17
  • Law, Marbury v. Madison, Supreme Court of the United States, President of the United States, US Supreme Court, United States federal courts

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