Admiral de Grasse - French admiral who operated a fleet in the West Indies adivsed them that he was free to join them in an assault on Cornwallis. He cornered Cornwallis at Yorktown by blocking the sea. Benedict Arnold - A colonial general who assisted Montgomery in the failed conquest of Canada (1775) and prevented the British from reaching Ticonderoga, delaying the British assault on New York (1776). Later, he tried to help the British take West Point and the Hudson River but he was found out and declared a traitor (1778). Noah Webster - Wrote reading primers and texts for school use. He was most famous for his dictionary, first published in 1828, which standardized the English language in America.
Points for Mastery 1.Explain why, in mid-1776. Americans were prepared to declare their independence from Britain. 2. Explain the history behind writing the Declaration of Independence and Jefferson’s 1. - veteran of Fort Duquesne 2. commander-in-chief of all British forces in North america 3. governor of Massachusetts C. After Tea Party, British thought that resistance was focused in Massachusetts 1. thought other colonies would not want to fight outside of their region II. “The Shot Heard Round the World” A. 1775 - London government decides to use troops against Mass. 1. General Gage not informed 2. “Minute Men” were created as the militia for Massachusetts’ rebellion B. Patriots accumulating arms at Concord 1. Gage sent 700 troops to seize supplies but patriots were prepared 2. Paul Revere alerted John Hancock and Sam Adams, the leader of the provincial assembly C. Americans began to withdraw, shot fired, MM fled (8 dead) D. Americans started to fire at British on Concord’s North Bridge 1. Battle occured on Lexington Green a) British - 273 casualties b) American - less than 100 casualities III. The Second Continental Congress A. May 10, 1775 in Philadelphia B. John Hancock chosen as president
C. organized the continental army 1. George Washington appointed commander-in-chief D. Began to to requisition men and supplies IV. The Battle of Bunker Hill A. first major battle of the war B. Americans ran out of ammunition and lost C. Americans had proved that they were able to fight against the British 1. British - more than 1000 casualties 2. Continentals - 400 casualties D. British replaced Gage with Howe E. The Continental Congress dispatched the Olive Branch Petition F. 2CC adopted the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms 1. condemned everything the British had done since 1763 G. Congress ordered attack on Canada and created committees to seek foreign aid and to buy munitions abroad V. The Great Declaration
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