Identify primary secondary and tertiary interventions specific to prevention

Identify primary secondary and tertiary interventions

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Identify primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions specific to prevention and control of: Food-borne illnessWaterborne illnessSTIs 36
Emerging Infectious Emerging Infectious Diseases Diseases 37
Emerging Infectious Emerging Infectious Disease Disease A newly identified clinically distinct infectious disease or the reappearance (or reemergence) of a known infectious disease after its decline with an incidence that is increasing in a certain geographic area or in a specific population Resources: CDC: Emerging Infectious Disease Journal National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infections 38
Geographic distribution of recent emerging or reemerging Geographic distribution of recent emerging or reemerging infectious disease outbreaks and countries affected by conflict, infectious disease outbreaks and countries affected by conflict, 1990–2006.. Symbols represent outbreaks of emerging or 1990–2006.. Symbols represent outbreaks of emerging or reemerging infectious diseases reemerging infectious diseases . (From Gayer, M., Legros, D., Formenty, P., & Connolly, M. A. (From Gayer, M., Legros, D., Formenty, P., & Connolly, M. A. [2007, November]. Conflict and emerging infectious diseases. [Vol. 13, No. 11]. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.) Organization.) 39
Factors That Influence Factors That Influence Emerging Infectious Diseases Emerging Infectious Diseases Microbial adaptation and change Describe antigenic drift and antigenic shift Drift - is slow and progressive genetic changes that take place in the RNA and DNA as organisms replicate in multiple host drug resistant infections Shift occurs when there is a sudden change – resulting in new strain-people have little or no immunity influenza Human susceptibility to infection Climate, changing ecosystems, and human behavior Travel, technology, and industry Lack of political will and breakdown of public health infrastructure 40
Convergence Model Convergence Model IOM, 2003 41
Human Susceptibility to Infection Human Susceptibility to Infection and Immunity and Immunity Acquired immunity Passive immunity Herd immunity Resistance of a population to an infection because a high proportion of the group is immunized or previously had the disease. 42
Recent Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Reemerging Infectious Diseases Diseases Severe acute respiratory syndrome MERS-CoV Avian influenza H1N1 Influenza Novel Avian influenza A West Nile virus E. Coli 0157:H7 Ebola -An example of contact tracing 43

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