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DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Political influence and corruption ai officers chosen

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Political influence and corruption a.i. Officers chosen based on political connections a.ii. Led to inefficiency and lack of professionalism 15. Communications Networks – in the 19 th century were old fashion call boxes – officers sabotaged them claiming they didn’t work to evade work 16. Guns – became regular officer equipment in the 19 th century a. Due to increased violence and disorder by citizens, officers turned to guns for protection 17. Police Reform – spearheaded by August Vollmer – a. Vollmer Chief of Police in Berkeley California from 1905-1932 a.i. Believed that policing standards needed to be improved and corruption stamped out a.ii. Advocated training and education for officers b. Reform Goals- b.i. Professionalize the job of an officer b.ii. Remove political influence b.iii. Hire proven Chief Executives to run departments b.iv. Life personnel standards b.v. Improve communication technology b.vi. Form specialized police units – believed to better serve the public
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b.vi.1. Traffic b.vi.2. Juvenile b.vi.3. Other specialized units 18. Lola Baldwin Female Officer – first female officer Lola Baldwin hired in 1905 a. The introduction of juvenile units led to her hiring a.i. limited duty, dealing with children a.ii. did not handle normal police duties 19. Alice Stebbins Wells leader of policewomen’s movement a. Wells promoted women as officers to the force b. Had traditional view compared to today c. Gave talks around the country 20. Police Subculture- negative side effect of ranking formation – rank and file officers felt disconnected from Administrators a. Opposed most reforms b. Developed police unions c. The main features of the police subculture are secrecy, solidarity and violence 21. Federal Bureau of Investigation – FBI 22. Technology Advances a. Two-way radio b. Patrol car – enabled officers to respond quickly to crime and patrol efficiently c. Telephone use c.i. Telephones led to increased officer workload, more and more over domestic issues 23. O.W. Wilson – developed efficient formula to manage personnel 24. Wickersham Report – commissioned by President Hoover – report on the state of Criminal Justice system in 1929, publicized in 1931, shock among public as it revealed police abuse of suspects a. National Commission of Law Observance and Enforcement
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