Webers power and politics orientation to social

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Weber’s power and politics orientation to social inequality requires to consider connected concepts such as rationalization, bureaucracy and means of administration. Rationalization: Weber sees historical development of societies a tendency for social action to become increasingly rationalized. The growth of specialization of occupations in work place and the planned division of labour in large scale factories and other enterprises are vital features of economic rationalization. The calculation of profits becomes more precise with advent of a money based economy, book keeping and so on. In religion 7
weber sees a trend toward secularization whereby religious practice becomes structured, routinized and administered. Weber pointed out the development of rationalized legal order and political system, laws become increasingly elaborated and complex eventually it includes rules and regulations. Modern state emerged and it is responsible for enactment of new laws, the preservation of public order, the protections of vested rights such as property ownership, the administration of health, education and social welfare and the .defence of the territory against outside attack. The trend of rationalization culminates in the system of formal organization known as bureaucracies. Bureaucracy: Becomes key players in the general power struggle. Weber thinks that organizations like this act like machines, providing the most rational and efficient way to administer social activity. Weber thinks it is a necessary evil because it is the only practical means of organizing human conduct in the present day, yet threatens both democracy and freedom.x The Means of Administration: Bureaucracies are the best examples of what Weber means by enduring structures of domination as they provide the means by which social action is governed regular basis and through which a system of inequality is established and sustained. Weber says differential access to the means of production is one of the various ways in which power differences and inequality arise. The control of all these various means of administration that determines social inequality. Crucial structures for weber is the interrelated set of public organization that make up the modern state, the legal structure, the executive branches of government. Weber appears more worried by the threat posed by bureaucratic officials especially those found in the state, where the means of administration seem to be increasingly concentrated. This influence of state/government is why Weber believes inequality to be variable and dependent upon us. Democracy vs Bureaucracy/ The Socialist Alternative: Democracy is where the equal rights are governed and the power of officialdom is minimized where the influence of public opinion is maximized. Such system is direct and immediate. However, this system cannot function in large scale systems like modern society. Bureaucracy is one structure that ensures regular,

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