Some have accused the fledgling fbi to be unorganized

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Some have accused the fledgling FBI to be unorganized and unprepared to handle the task set before it but Schmidt argues that nothing could be further from the truth, stating that, “the Bureau was firmly rooted in progressivism and its organizational development and various administrative reforms from 1908 reflected the bureaucratic ideals of professionalization, rationality and efficiency.” From its very origins the Bureau was a tightly hierarchical and decentralized organization which allowed its agents maximum freedom and flexibility to achieve their goals.
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The Bureau steadily expanded after its inception in 1908 growing as a direct result of the increased intervention against radicals and those that would threaten the fledgling centralized America. The political and economic elite would wield the Bureau like a weapon, destroying radicals and achieving 'social control'. (Schmidt 51) Groups like the International Workers of the world, or the IWW seemed like the legitimate threats to the new capitalist regime and as such the elites loosed the Bureau upon them. This encouragement on the behalf of the political and economic elite helped lead to the idea of a surveillance state. Summarized by Schmidt as, “the attempt to systematically and permanently regulate political beliefs and activities,.. an outgrowth of the penetration of society by government bureaucracies”, the bureau became the enforcer of the elites monitoring the radicals and preventing them from causing any disturbances to the new system. With these facts in mind the Bureau's actions during the Red Scare can be seen, not as a response to a hysterical public. Instead the Bureau was responding to the clear and well formulated wishes of the political and economic elite to remove radicals. The legal basis for one of the Bureaus greatest weapons against the radical, deportation, came from the 1917 immigration bill. It was a much debated bill that allowed the deportation of aliens no matter how long they had been within America so long as they were found to be: “advocating or teaching the unlawful destruction of property, or advocating or teaching anarchy or the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law or the assassination of public officials .... ”(Schmidt 55) These provisions were further strengthened during the War to include a sort of 'guilt by association' clause. With this new provision that Bureau simply had to prove that an alien belonged to an organization that supported to radical beliefs to deport them. The individuals beliefs and actions became irrelevant, they just had to belong to certain groups for the Bureau to deport them.
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Aliens were not the only radicals that the Bureau was tasked with controlling. The repression of African Americans was one of its chief occupations. This repression is nothing new and stretches all the way back to 1877 with the abandonment of reconstruction and the institutions of segregation in 1896. Presidents like Teddy Roosevelt and Wilson only made the
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