Perhaps this is bc of attributions made for neg behavior Review of 23 studies

Perhaps this is bc of attributions made for neg

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­ Perhaps this is bc of attributions made for neg. behavior ­ Review of 23 studies published in this area of research Distressed spouses: ­ think of their partner’s neg. behaviors as global & positive behaviors as specific ­ if do something good, as externally motivated ­ if do something wrong, as internally motivated Non­distressed couples: ­ do opposite! ­ give them same benefit of the doubt that we give ourselves American culture: very likely to blame our own faults on external factors and blame others for internal factors Does appear to be a stronger causal link from attributions to marital satisfaction ­ cycle/loop ­ as relationships progress/worsen, less likely to give your partner the benefit of the doubt Three Components of Social Perception 1. Characteristics of the stimulus: “objective” features of the target & behavior 2. Characteristics of the perceiver: Chronic/stable (personality); temporary (mood state) 3. Characteristics of the context: cues help us interpret ambiguous events Two Routes to Social Perception ­ Bottom­up Processing ­ perceptions guided by stimulus ­ input comes from outside ­ Top­down Processing ­ perceptions guided by perceiver ­ existing mental representations shape how we view the world ­ input comes from the inside perceiver Relationship Examples of Top­down ­ date arrives 30 min. late: ­ good mood: nbd, traffic, etc ­ bad mood: doesn’t care, inconsiderate ­ partner forgets your anniversary: ­ high self­esteem: nbd, just busy/stressed ­ low self­esteem: they don’t love me, romance is gone Goals: our perception of people, places, and things are colored by their ability (or inability) to help us achieve our goals
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­ uniform importance of achieving goals ­ there is a meaningful positive association between an ind. goal progress and their well­being ­ given this, it is not hard to imagine that there is an assoc. b/w our relationships and our goals Relationships and Goal Pursuits ­ Fitzsimons and Bargh found that priming individuals with a specific relationship caused them to pursue goals related to that relationship ­ when ppl primed w/ their parents, ppl more likely to focus on achievement goals, especially mother ­ friends who study vs. friends who party when you have different goals ­ Rate instrumental others more positively than non­instrumental others “evaluative preference” ­ so long as goal is active (finals week example) ­ having similar goals is associated with decreased rates of conflict ­ Relationships are more successful when you are with someone who has similar goals to you 10/6/15 BEING SINGLE More likely to spend more time single than parents, but also more likely to be married long ­ bc longer lifespans Four reasons: ­ Demographics ­ Economics ­ Technological ­ Cultural Demographics: ­ 97 men for every 100 women in US ­ imbalance = 100% of men could marry but only 97% of women could ­ young black men are more likely to die younger and/or be incarcerated ­ therefore even fewer black men for black women Economics: ­
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