Stability in childhood bullying and problems later in life different raters

Stability in childhood bullying and problems later in

This preview shows page 8 - 9 out of 45 pages.

Stability in childhood bullying and problems later in life: different raters identified same youth as bullies; at 24 years of age 65% of “bullies” had felony convictions (correlations NOT causations), there is some utility in understanding early aspects of personality and what could that mean down the road (can intervene to reduce the likely hood of these outcomes) Stability in adulthood (the big 5): big 5 show relative stability in adulthood especially after 50, but openness, extraversion, neuroticism decline slightly until 50 years, and agreeableness and conscientiousness tend to go up (rank order is an important concept here); this is a population analysis Change in adolescence (self esteem): before puberty don’t see a lot of differences between boys and girl, in child hood boys have slightly higher levels of depression; during puberty males increase slightly in self-esteem females tend to decrease (not always the case for everyone) this is because girls change earlier and more significant, become more cognisant of how people perceive us and influence of media (how we want to look vs. how we do look) Change in adulthood (ambition in business settings): followed 250 men that were interviewed over time, found ambition declined in a group of male managerial candidates over the 20 years, most significantly over the first 8 years; also saw changes in other traits, increase in autonomy, dominance, leadership, motivation; results due to men becoming more realistic about limits in promotion, not everyone cannot become a manager, but can get promoted to other degrees, just more realistic Change in adulthood (independence in women): looked at women over 20 years, looked at different subgroups (divorce mothers, non-mothers, working mothers) found all increased in independence; although stay at home moms had no increase in independence (it is important to examine the role of subgroups; also the time era in which the research was performed in) Change over time (a cohort effect): personality change due to social time or era of individuals (eg changes in our economy people may become more globally conservative to money when there is a recession) Prediction outcomes (marital dissatisfaction): in heterosexual couples, what might account for dissatisfaction? If either spouse had a high level of neuroticism (being more irritable, having problems with emotional regularity and how it would play into a relationship), husband’s lack of impulse control (could lead to infidelity), found neuroticism of both + husbands lack of impulse control (in tandem have stronger correlation with this outcome) Predicting outcomes (alcoholism and emotional problems): higher neuroticism (observers correlated this with outcomes), low impulse control, being unable to acting on and urge and having difficulty stopping Predicting outcomes high/low achievement: high impulsivity correlates with low conscientiousness low GPA & failure; high self control more job attainment and financial security; conscientiousness = is
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 45 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes