The weimar republics rise and fall as world war i

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of many Germans?The Weimar Republic’s Rise and FallAs World War I drew to a close, Germany tottered on the brink ofchaos. Under the threat of a socialist revolution, the kaiser abdi-cated. Moderate leaders signed the armistice and later, under pro-test, the Versailles treaty.In 1919, German leaders drafted a constitution in the city ofWeimar (VYmahr). It created a democratic government known asthe Weimar Republic. The constitution set up a parliamentary sys-tem led by a chancellor,or prime minister. It gave women thevote and included a bill of rights.UnderNazisRise ofNazi PartyUnderWeimarRepublicAdolf Hitler with a member of a Nazi youth organizationThe Nazis in Control of GermanyIn the 1930s, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party brought hope to Germans suffering from the Great Depression. On the dark side of Hitler’s promises was a message of hate, aimed particularly at Jews. A German Jewish woman recalls an attack on her family during Kristallnacht,a night in early November 1938 when Nazi mobs attacked Jewish homes and businesses.They broke our windowpanes, and the house became very cold. . . . We were standing there, out-side in the cold, still in our night clothes, with only a coat thrown over. . . . Then they made everyone lie face down on the ground . . . ‘Now, they will shoot us,’ we thought. We were very afraid.Focus QuestionHow did Hitler and the Nazi party establish and maintain a totalitarian government in Germany?WITNESS HISTORYWITNESS HISTORYAUDIO
Chapter 28Section5913TeachThe Weimar Republic’s Rise and FallInstructIntroduce: Vocabulary BuilderHave students read the Vocabulary Builder term and definition. Ask In what ways were the actions of the German workers passive? (They refused to work.)Remind students that as they read in the previous chapter, Gandhi advocated passiveresistance. Have students list other examples of passiveresistance.TeachAsk students to list the prob-lems that troubled the Weimar Repub-lic. Write their responses on the board.
Ask Why do you think culture flour-ished in the Weimar Republic despite the government’s problems? (Sample: Artists may have felt inspired to speak out or depict the unrest and bitterness engendered by the republic’s many problems.)Independent PracticeAsk students to work in small groups and decide what factor may have been the most significant in Hitler’s coming to power and explain their choice. (Samples: Germany had been eager for a strong leader; Hitler promised to restore Ger-many’s former greatness.)Then, using the Numbered Heads strategy (TE, p. T23), have students share their answers.Monitor ProgressAs students fill in their flowcharts, circu-late to make sure they understand the main ideas of this section. For a com-pleted version of the flowchart, seeNote Taking Transparencies,170AnswersCaption

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