Daylight hours sna daily insolation december 21 june

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Daylight hours SNA Daily Insolation December 21 June 21 8. Annual insolation is greatest at the (equatorial regions, midlatitudes, polar regions). Explain your choice. 9. List and briefly describe what happens to incoming solar radiation as it encounters the Earth’s atmosphere. 1. 2. 3. 4. 10. Highly reflective objects like snow have high albedoes (i.e. close to 100%). (True / False). 11. What are the two (2) ways the Earth’s atmosphere and surface are heated? 1. 2. 12. What are the three (3) ways the Earth’s surface loses energy? 1. 2. 3.
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13. When analyzing the energy that enters the Earth’s atmosphere and surface and the energy that leaves the Earth’s atmosphere and surface, the net balance should be 0. (True / False) 14. Compare and contrast daily and annual net radiation. When are each positive and negative? (Remember: daily is 24 hours and annual is an average over 365 days). Daily net radiation: Annual net radiation: 15. In order to regulate the energy and temperature levels on Earth, air and water circulates between the Equator and Polar regions. This is an example of _________________________. 16. Describe the greenhouse effect. Describe the steps involved in this process. Why is the greenhouse effect important to the inhabitants of Earth? 17. The most abundant greenhouse gas is (carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane). 18. The greenhouse gas that is responsible for heating the Earth’s atmosphere most is (carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane). 19. Complete the table below. Determine if each atmospheric constituent warms or cools the atmosphere. Some constituents may both warm and cool the atmosphere (so both is also an acceptable answer). Atmospheric Constituent Effect on the Atmosphere Aerosols Carbon dioxide Clouds Volcanic ash and pollutants Methane CFCs GE101 – Natural Environment: The Atmosphere
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Study Guide Worksheet Lecture 5 – Air Temperature Complete the following worksheet using the Lecture 4 slides and pages 90-115 in the textbook. 1. Substances or fluids that have high temperatures must also have high heat content and high kinetic energy. (True / False) 2. ____________________________ can be calculated by either adding up all hourly temperatures and dividing by 24 or averaging the maximum and minimum daily temperatures. 3. Briefly describe how air temperatures are measured. 4. A ________________________ is a temperature increase with an increase with altitude while a _______________________ is a temperature decrease with an increase in altitude. 5. The average environmental lapse rate is ______________________. 6. Briefly describe why the temperature decreases as you increase height in the troposphere. 7. Briefly describe why the temperature increases as you increase height in the stratosphere and thermosphere. 8. List the five (5) factors that can influence temperature.
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9. Describe the trend in shortwave and longwave radiation over the course a day (24 hours). Draw a graph and explain that if you find that to be easier.
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