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10. Explain the patriots’ strategy of nativism.
11. How did foreigners spur revolution in Brazil?12. How did actions of the Portuguese assembly provoke rebellion in Brazil?13. Why did Prince Pedro declare Brazil’s independence? What was the effect of that declaration?14. What events in Spain spurred revolution in Mexico?15. Describe the revolutionary events led by Iturbide and Guerrero in Mexico.
In Mexico, Iturbide and Guerrero gained supporters by advocating an independent, constitutional Mexican monarchy that kept religious and military privileges and allowed for social equality. In 1821, Iturbide became Augustin I, monarch of Mexico. After being in power for only a year, Iturbide closed the congress, and military leaders removed him from the throne, ushering in a republic. Mexico had become independent.