This much debated core issue needs to be explored further as the relationship

This much debated core issue needs to be explored

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 8 pages.

This much debated core issue needs to be explored further, as the relationship between the two is far from mechanical in real life. Combining a contextual, systemic approach with the use of qualitative field surveys of households would help us understand this complex reality. This could be supplemented by research on remittances. The same question could be raised for extended households, which theoretically have the resources needed to provide the necessary care. In some areas, however, some of these so-called traditional rural households are undergoing considerable stresses and strains, and are even disintegrating, as attested by reports of extreme behaviour such as child abandonment. Generational transfer, family solidarity, child fostering and educational strategies The study of these practices would partly answer the previous question, in that it entails a similar reading of ambivalent situations and behaviour. For example, the current discourse on solidarity often overshadows its limitations. Thus, while a survey carried out by the Bujumbura observatory did indeed reveal instances of solidarity, with individual households joining forces, this solidarity 4
Image of page 4
only manifested itself when the political crisis was at its height, and varied according to the degree of kinship of the children accommodated within the household. The circulation of children, and above all of male and female adolescents (in Kenya, over a quarter of 10- to 14-year-olds live in households that are not headed by their father or mother), may concern traditional forms of child fostering, motivated by the quest for protection or academic advancement, the exchange of services and even forms of compensation between fertile and infertile couples, intergenerational transfers, and so forth, but it may also have a darker side, including different forms of abuse, domestic service, and forced migration, which needs to be explored. The educational strategies now being adopted within households and families reflect ongoing changes and a new “awareness of childhood”. The “traditional” practices of parental or neighbourly assistance also need to be discussed, especially controversial practices such as levirate and sororate marriage. Family/domestic violence and changing roles and functions within families and households Violent conditions and practices are matched by an “internal violence” stemming from changes in the status, role and function of different family and household members. This violence is especially prevalent in environments where the status (e.g. primacy) and individual roles of men and firstborn children are challenged, or where women have taken on a more important position in terms of income generation or household management. Only now are people beginning to talk about this violence, henceforth regarded as intolerable, encouraged by new ideas and new criteria conveyed by modern society and the international community, women’s movements and young people’s campaigns to end corporal punishment and violence at school. Measures of domestic violence, especially in demographic and health surveys, rely on this willingness to talk. Then again, some
Image of page 5
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 8 pages?

  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors