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Includes software, music, movies, clothing, footwear, & name brandBehind product – money laundering, murder, corruption, organize crimeCounterfeitCD’sMillion dollar a month industryLosses to owners 100 of millionsSold over the internet, swap meets, mail order, retail storesProduce w/ un-reported income = untaxedHow do you make CDs? = CheapUse plastic pellets, through machines, stamped, use labelsLEC 4DMONEY LAUNDERINGAll gangs are out to make money, including transnational gangsDisguise money in – gift-card, prepaid cardsWorldwide businessGang – Drug ConnectionInternational connections – threat to national securityVolume of global money laundering ranges from 2-5% of world’s annual gross national product UN suggests it may be b/w 800 million & 2 trillion dollarsLEC 4ECOLLATERAL CRIMES
ILLEGAL MARKETS & GANGS IN OTHER COUNTRIES 16:03FraudulentIdentificationSocial security cards, drivers licenses, birth certificates, school records, passportsAssaults on US Federal & Local Law enforcementAgainst border patrol agentsMS-13 have established cliques in Canada, Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, & Spain18th streetReported to have cliques in Canada, Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Australia, Germany, France, England, Lebanon, & PeruBlood setsHonduras, England, Haiti, BermudaCrip setsCanada, England, Bermuda, NetherlandsGangster DisciplesCanada, Panama, South KoreaJamaican gangsEngland, USTRG – Tiny Rascal GangCambodia, USSkinheadsEurope, EnglandOutlaw Motorcycle gangsEurope, Australia, US, CanadaSome gangs have become transnational through globalizationProcess that may have formal mechanisms like deportation & informal mechanisms like fleeing law enforcementREVIEWMoney launderingIntellectual propertyArms traffickingHumans traffickingCollateral issues – ex. Theft of intellectual propertyManufacture of products – IDsPrimary problem = moneyMoney that cartels haveThey can buy whatever they want to use for their businessQUIZ REVIEWCovey