The problem with inter and intra personal measurements of well-being is not knowing how to measure the good or well-being between two different people.
5.What do you think is the most serious problem for objectivism? Why is it a problem?6.Brandt distinguishes two types of rule-utilitarianism. What are those two forms, and which is his view?1.Ideal rules dictate the rightness of an act. (Brandt’s view)2.The actual or recognized rules of a society dictate the act’s rightness.7.What is the difference between hypothetical and categorical imperatives? Give an example of each.8.What is Kant’s view of moral motivation, especially as far as reason and emotion are concerned?9.What is the difference between perfect and imperfect duties? Give an example of each.Perfect duties are duties which admit no exceptions whereas imperfect duties do admit of exceptions. An example of a perfect duty is not committing suicide. Whencommitting suicide, you treat yourself as a means with no end. An example of an imperfect duty is helping people in need. It is still our duty to help people but we have a choice in how we do so. For example, giving some, but not all of your money to charity.10.One objection to act utilitarianism is that there ceases to be a distinction between moral and non-moral actions. Explain how does this objection works.Act Utilitarianism holds that we should do whatever action is proved to maximize well-being or happiness. There are no intrinsically right or wrong acts. This meansthat rape, murder, and other heinous acts could somehow be considered permissible if it maximizes the society’s overall happiness. You can always spell out the circumstances so that the wrong action seems right.11.There’s a guy who’s always really bummed out about everything, and this makes him really annoying to be around. What might act utilitarianism say to do about him? How could you change the situation so that it would say the opposite?
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