Seen as just another manipulation of the government

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Seen as just another manipulation of the government for totalitarian control h.iii.1. 1931: Brüning uses article 48 forty times, 57 times in 1932 (three different chancellors) D. Region/Class/Religion Fractures Special interest parties a. Loyalty to your class and city before the country as a whole b. Region, Religion, and Class differences Region Religion Class North (Prussia) -Protestant -Lutheran -Politically conservative -Cosmopolitan (“more worldly”) -Agrarian 5
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-Working Class South (Bavaria) -Catholic -Conservative -Reluctant to be a part of Germany (new country) -MORE agrarian -Strong regional identity (reason Hitler used Beer Hall Putsch here: ability to convince one large region all at once) -More Anti-Semitic c. Class Divisions Working Class Middle Class Upper Class -Industrial workers -Agrarian laborers -Support the KPD and SPD -Old Middle Class: --Small business owners --Artisans, shopkeepers, famers -New Middle Class --White collar workers, civil servants -Supported the DVP and DDP -Upper Middle Class --Physicians, psychologists, professionals --Most anti-Semitic class -Former nobility (ties to DNVP) -Big business (link to Weimar) d. Different parties appeal to different classes: reason why a unified party was so difficult e. Hitler wanted to smash out the other 30 parties in favor of one united German party f. Within each social class and sector there were still too many parties: reason why it was hard for unification g. Nazis appeal to the small farmers and small businesses by saying that they respect private business and property but believe that all individual work should benefit the entire country E. Propaganda and Perpetual Campaigning a. Want to understand how to attract members: what will make people vote for us over another party? How do we build ourselves up to be the best? b. Nazis campaign 24/7: even when it is not election time they are still present in everyday life: people will not forget about them b.i. Creates the image of an inevitable rise to power c. Travel constantly with new technology: Goebbels diaries; how they hit three or four major cities in a day by plane c.i. New technology inspires hope in people; appears like a futuristic movement 5
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d. Goebbels (gets propaganda control in 1930): idea about propaganda and campaigning: increase everywhere but especially in demographically positive areas d.i. Realize that the small farmers were most hurt by depression therefore target them for political support d.ii. Campaign intensely in one rural area for about 10 days and then move on; while you are there people feel as if you really care and are truly dependent on them for support d.iii. Deutchslandflug (Hitler’s plane) shows technological advancement and hope for the future e. Manipulate everything the government or any other party does so they can have positive Nazi spin on it e.i. Great Depression and stock market crash: now that we have to depend on ourselves let’s rise up and take control back of our country e.ii.
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  • Spring '08
  • CHILDERS
  • Adolf Hitler, Nazi Party, Weimar Republic, Weimar

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