They are some other viruses that are responsible for

This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 23 pages.

They are some other viruses that are responsible for the transmission of infections and include; influenza, HIV, rotavirus, and herpes simplex virus. These series of viruses interfere with the normal functioning of the body. The infections makes the people to be weak and cannot attend to their daily chores in the proper way. The infected people are less productive, and this is a significant threat to the state of the economy. For any nation to develop, and record improvement in the growth of GDP, it depends on the factors of production such as labor that is provided by the people. The efforts by the state in containing infections such as HIV is costly and requires allocation of the enormous amount of state resources. The fungal parasites The fungal parasites are the type of pathogens that cause the hospital-acquired infections to the individuals with compromised immune system. The Aspergillus spp. leads to the development of the infections due to the contamination of the environment in the hospital area. The extended period of hospitalization exposes someone to the infection of a fungal parasite known as the Candida albicans; this parasite originates from the microflora while the Aspergillus results from the continuous inhalation of the fungal spores that results from the contamination of the air caused by the construction and renovation activities taking place in the healthcare facility. The parasites are easily transmitted among both the children and the adults. The fundal parasitic infections mostly happen due to the extension of the antibiotic treatment, and the suppression of
HOSPITAL-ACQUIRED INFECTIONS 11 the immune system of the hospitalized patients. The contamination of the environment constitutes the spread of the airborne organism that is originating from the dust and soil particles, mostly during the period when the construction of the hospital is taking place, Epidemiology of hospital-acquired infections The hospital-acquired infections affect a significantly large number of the people across the globe, leading to increased mortality rate, and loss of financial assets. According to the research by the world health organization (WHO), an average of 15 percent of all hospitalized patients are at the risk of contaminating hospital-acquired infections. The study further estimated that between 4%-56% of all the deaths resulted from neonates, with about 76% of the cases being recorded in South-East Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The high frequency in which the hospital-acquired infections occurs result from the poor standard of the health facilities that are more costly (Mehta, et al., 2014). They are several factors that lead to the high spread of these infections. Most of the patients in the hospital are suffering from the compromised immune system. The patients undergo several treatment procedures, practices and the environment in the hospital facilitates the spreading of the microorganisms among the patients receiving treatment.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture