bronchitis include a cough, production of mucus, fatigue, shortness of breath, slight fever and chills, and chest discomfort; other symptoms may include the same symptoms of a common cold such as headaches and body aches (Mayo Clinic, n.d.). The symptoms may last two to three weeks, but a cough lasting longer may be cause for concern. Approximately 10% of patients with a cough lasting longer than two weeks have evidence of pertussis infection (Kinkade & Long, 2016). The treatment for acute bronchitis focuses on supportive care and symptom management. Medications include cough suppressants, expectorants, and beta2 agonists such as albuterol in certain situations. Kinkade and Long (2016) inform us that all major guidelines on bronchitis recommend against using antibiotics for the treatment of acute bronchitis unless the patient has a known pertussis infection; although antibiotics may still be prescribed in the treatment of acute bronchitis. Kinkade and Long (2016) report that the use of antibiotics decreased cough duration by0.46 days, illness by 0.64 days, and decreased limited activity by 0.49 days; which provided no net benefit for the use of antibiotics in otherwise healthy individuals. Age and Behavior The elderly, infants, and young children are at higher risk of acute bronchitis than those in other age groups. Exposure to environmental factors such as dust, smoking, and chemical fumes, increase the risk of developing acute bronchitis (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, n.d.). References Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Kinkade, S., & Long, N.A. (2016). Acute bronchitis. American Family Physician, 94 (7), 560- 565. Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Bronchitis. Retrieved from National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (n.d.). Bronchitis. Retrieved from Taliercio, R.M., & Hatipoglu, U. (2014). Cough. Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved from Worrall. G. (2008). Acute bronchitis. Canadian Family Physician, 54 (2), 238-239.
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