Securities and Exchange Commission (regulates stocks and bonds trading)President; Confirmed by Senate with Fixed term of officeQuasi-Governmental OrganizationsoCorporation for Public Broadcasting appointed by president; confirmed by senate, fixed term°What Do Bureaucrats Do?Execute Programs and PoliciesoEPA Enforcement ActionsEPA has inspectors measuring how much pollutants are going into water and air, inspectors report to the industry on what can be improved, when finding people in violation they can giveCivil Administration Actions:Notice of violationsOrder to factory with or without penalties to come into complianceCivil judicial Action:Go to courtCriminal Judicial ActionCivil court convictions that can result in fines or imprisonment°Bureaucrats AdjudicateNLRB can hear cases of complaints of unfair labor practices
Making quasi judicial decisions as wellLegislating-make law, adjudicating-judicial court and executing-enforceFederalist No. 51oMadison said if men were angels we wouldn’t need governmentomust enable government to control the governedomake, enforce, and decide if you’re guilty of breaking law you are a tyranny°Are Bureaucracies Tyrannical?Limits on Power of Bureaucracies oPresidentPresidential power is power to persuadeand the president has an active agenda on trying to control climate change with treaties and executive agreements,he is also trying to get EPA to make and enforce regulations to address climate changePresident can appoint director to EPAPresident presents a budget to congress… EPA sends budget to president who puts it in budget request whichgoes to CongressoCongressCongress passes legislation- the acts giving agencies legislative authority to do jobAlso the Senate confirms Presidential AppointmentsCongress appropriates money that determines budget for agencyOversight hearings-are you doing too much or too little in terms of enforcing laws-most directInspection General to see if people are doing things efficiently and according to lawAgencies respond to moodoCourtsReview regulation with judicial reviewProcess by which they make regulations that courts review oCongressional Review Act subject to President “disallowing” the congressional disapprovalBureaucracy not tyrannical because they are subject to presidential,congressional and judicial influence
04/29/2015°Discussion-The Bureaucracy: The Perpetual Tug of War°°Bureaucracy: complex organization with hierarchical, each part have specific tasks, contain large numbers of people to do big tasks: social security, organizing a war, concentration of specialized talentOther depts. Of government with specific tasks to arry out Federal bureaucracy is all of the departments of the executive branch, not partisan, neutral. Don’t know who to look for for direction. Exercise exec, leg, and judicial powers.