Modern Conservatism variation of classic form likes gov regulation Rosseau o

Modern conservatism variation of classic form likes

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Modern Conservatism: variation of classic form; *likes gov regulation ----------- Rosseau o Social Contract : idea where people give up some of their freedoms to have the gov. protect them; ppl make laws for themselves o Republic concept –> ppl = power Locke o If gov = abusing authority, ppl can overthrow the gov and replace it ( Declaration of Independence ) Montesquieu o LOVES rep. gov (Rosseau); impossible at large scale such as the US Other influences on framers: o Religion – wanted religious freedom o Natural law – existing moral code ==> Dec. of Indep. (bad execution tho) o Distrust of power – representative government; checks and balances SHAPED CONSTITUTION o Clockwork Universe – (Isaac Newton) universe would run itself forever bc created in balance = GOVERNMENT WOULD RUN ITSELF IF BUILT IN BALANCE o Economic inequality – wanted to prevent social upheaval (EX: Shay’s Rebellion) Legitimacy: right and acceptance of an authority Authentic Democracy: o Personal liberty o Legal equality – votes all have the same weight o Choice among alternatives – different candidates o Freedom of speech
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o Regularly scheduled elections o Decision rule – majority o Connection between participation & gov. – representative gov. bc the ppl consented ----------- Articles of Confederation o Weaknesses Can’t tax No national currency Voting = as states ¾ majority / 100% agreement No military No regulation of interstate commerce No courts – judicial or executive Constitutional Conventions o 1 st – write a new constitution o 2 nd – ratify the constitution; Hamilton and Madison Hamilton = Federalist Papers Fed. Paper 10 : have representative democracy Fed. Paper 51 : checks and balances ; separate branches o Ex : Congress (legislative) can impeach president (executive) o Ex : President (executive) can veto, Congress (legislative) can override veto
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  • Fall '19
  • representative,  Ideology,  Ppl  members of a group

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