Modern Conservatism:variation of classic form; *likes gov regulation----------- RosseauoSocial Contract: idea where people give up some of their freedoms to have the gov. protect them; ppl make laws for themselvesoRepublic concept –> ppl = powerLockeoIf gov = abusing authority, ppl can overthrow the gov and replace it (Declaration of Independence) Montesquieu oLOVES rep. gov (Rosseau); impossible at large scale such as the US Other influenceson framers: oReligion – wanted religious freedomoNatural law – existing moral code ==> Dec. of Indep. (bad execution tho)oDistrust of power – representative government; checks and balances SHAPED CONSTITUTIONoClockwork Universe – (Isaac Newton) universe would run itself forever bc createdin balance = GOVERNMENT WOULD RUN ITSELF IF BUILT IN BALANCEoEconomic inequality – wanted to prevent social upheaval (EX: Shay’s Rebellion)Legitimacy: right and acceptance of an authorityAuthentic Democracy:oPersonal liberty oLegal equality – votes all have the same weightoChoice among alternatives – different candidatesoFreedom of speech
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oRegularly scheduled electionsoDecision rule – majority oConnection between participation & gov. – representative gov. bc the ppl consented-----------Articles of ConfederationoWeaknesses Can’t taxNo national currency Voting = as states ¾ majority / 100% agreementNo military No regulation of interstate commerce No courts – judicial or executiveConstitutional Conventionso1st– write a new constitutiono2nd– ratify the constitution; Hamilton and Madison Hamilton = Federalist PapersFed. Paper 10: have representative democracy Fed. Paper 51: checks and balances; separate branches oEx: Congress (legislative) can impeach president (executive)oEx: President (executive) can veto, Congress (legislative) can override veto
representative, Ideology, Ppl members of a group
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