On one side appeared a black and white photo of

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tended to show the Espinoza family as an all American family. On one side appeared ablack and white photo of chubby and bright-eyed Joel standing at attention in hispatriotic Cub Scout uniform. The letter read:Dear Mr. Landon: I am nine years old and I was in your office last Wednes-day because I don't want you to deport my father. I have a younger brotherand a little sister and we want our father with us. There are five olderbrothers and sisters and we are all in school and we need someone tomake a living for us. My mother and all of us want him with us at home.My brother Danny and I are Cub Scouts and we need our father to takeus on hikes and to Pack meetings. I go to Killifer School in Orange and Iam in the fourth gradeSincerely yours,Joel Benjamin Espinoza.42Another photo of the entire Espinoza family was featured on the flip-side of the pam-phlet. At the center of the photo stood Elias and his wife, Consuelo, surrounded bytheir three daughters and five sons. The photo also included Margarita Montiel,Espinoza's mother-in-law. The pamphlet included the basic facts of the case and ashort biography of Elias Espinoza. It explained how the McCarran-Walter Act affectedhim, and it listed things that supporters could do to help the Espinoza family. It askedsympathizers to telephone, wire, or write H. R. Landon, district director of the INS,and send delegations to the INS headquarters at the Rowan Building downtown. Thepamphlet further asked for contributions. The committee pleaded:Elias Espinoza is but one of hundreds of foreign born Americans, many ofthem longtime residents of this country, threatened with deportation.Bail must be raised. Attorneys must be retained. Campaigns must be con-ducted. The un-American McCarran-Walter laws must be repealed. The41 Espinoza, Case Record, LACPFB Collection.42 Ibid.285This content downloaded from 169.235.64.254 on Wed, 22 Jul 2020 19:26:50 UTC All use subject to
286 AUTUMN 2001 Western Historical QuarterlyCOMMITTEE FOR PROTECTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN needsyour help. This is a job of ALL Americans. This is a job for YOU.43The symbolism of the Espinoza family put forth by the committee is consistent accoring to Elaine May Tyler with the reinvented notion of "traditional family values" pforth by American business and politicians-whose idea of the family stood asbulwark against domestic communism. In this way, the committee attempted to winsupport from the community at large by displaying Espinoza as the patriarch at thcenter of an all-American family, and not as head of a mixed-race family, a social undesignated by anticommunists.44 More than just a nuclear family, the Espinozas aproudly shown as a traditional Mexican family, complete with elderly grandmotherwell-groomed and conservatively dressed children-including the two youngest sonin Cub Scout shirts, chest bound medals, and kerchiefs tied about their necks.

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