Myth a story with supernatural occurrences which

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Myth - a story with supernatural occurrences, which helped early cultures understand themselves. Example : Sisyphus must push the same rock up the same hill every day as punishment for angering Greek gods. Parable - a brief story or tale that illustrates a moral or life lesson. Example: Jesus’ story of the loaves and fishes. Personification - a figure of speech in which an object, abstract idea, or animal is given human characteristics. Examples : The wall did its best to keep out the invaders. “Because I could not stop for Death, He kindly stopped for me.” –Emily Dickinson Plot - the pattern of events in a literary work; what happens. Point of View - the position or vantage point, determined by the author, from which the story seems to come to the reader. The two most common points of view are First-person and Third-person. Examples : First-person point of view occurs in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ; the reader receives all information through Huck’s eyes. An example of third-person point of view is Dickens’ Hard Times , in which the narrator is not a character in the book. Proverb - a short saying that states a basic truth about life. Example : “He who hesitates is lost.
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180 © Copyright 2005, Prestwick House, Inc. Realism - a literary movement that has at its core the depiction of life as it really is, with no attempt to hide or gloss over the problems, hardships, or ugliness of life. Example: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Resolution - the part of the story in which all the problems are solved and/or the secrets revealed. Round Characters - characters that have many sides; they have both faults and virtues and, therefore, are able to surprise the reader. They are like real people. Example : Shylock in The Merchant of Venice is arrogant, humble, proud, meek, angry, and submissive, and has many other qualities. Simile - a comparison between two different things using either like or as . Example s: I am as hungry as a horse. The huge trees broke like twigs during the hurricane. Stage Directions - the information given for the reader to visualize the setting, position of props, etc., in a play. Stage directions may give additional impressions of the characters through short descriptions and through what they do. Examples : “Exit”; “She reads from the newspaper.” Symbol - an object, person, or place that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, usually an idea or concept; some concrete thing which represents an abstraction. Example : The sea could be symbolic for “the unknown.” Since the sea is something that is physical and can be seen by the reader, and also has elements that cannot be understood, it can be used symbolically to stand for the abstraction of “mystery,” “obscurity,” or “the unknown.” Theme - the central or dominant idea behind the story; the most important aspect that emerges from how the book treats its subject. Sometimes theme is easy to see, but, at other times, it may be more difficult. Theme is usually expressed indirectly, as an element the reader must figure out. It
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