Lends money for very specific projects (start chain of schools, vaccination programs) o Has a lot of leverage to make states pay them back o Some states refuse to pay them back (Ecuador did this) o Eradicated polio in parts of the world Changes o As other economies rise, the non-western powers are getting more voice in these two organizations The Nuke Group First 5 o Declared nuclear power and member of NPT o US, Russia, UK, France, China o UN P5 – permanent security council Countries who declared nuclear power, but not NPT member o India, Pakistan Non-declared nuclear power, not NPT member o Israel o Encouraged by US to not say anything o Everyone is scared that if they do, it would scare middle Eastern countries and could create an arms race North Korea? o Non-declared, non-proven, non-sane? US and Russia have overwhelming number of nuclear warheads o 80-90 & of all nuclear weapons in the world because of Cold War Rules and how it works o Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty – NPT was formed in 1970 o Built to limit the spread of nuclear weapons o Finland and Ireland proposed this because they were in middle if war broke out o 189 countries have signed o 3 pillar system Non-proliferation
All signatories promise to not sell nuclear weapons or give away nuclear weapons information Disarmament
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- Fall '08
- Nuclear weapon, International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty