operators need permits from the local government authority to be able to operate their business. However, inadequate resources have constrained ministry of tourism to purposefully plan and to facilitate tourism destinations, boost entrepreneurial environment to promote local economic development through job creation,mhhn at the destination communities as well as mitigating environment effects of tourists’ activities on the host communities. 4.1.3 Regulation The findings suggest that decision-making in tourism sector is top-down. Although the regulation of the tourism sector is stronger at the national leveiuydl, metropolitan Assemblies are expected to enact bye-laws to safeguard and protect tourism destinations. The respondent noted that Ghana Tourism Authority has no decentralized offices at the Accra Metropolitan Assembly to take prompt decisions in terms of regulation and stimulate overall tourism development. Thus, the ministry is expected to provide mechanisms to monitor the establishments of hotels, restaurants and recreational centers by enacting bye-laws for the creation of tourism-related development which gear towards creating enabling environment for tourism sector to thrive. Thus, bye-laws regarding land use plans, standards development and enforcement of national standards, issuance of perliutmits, health and safety standards as well ayuikis environmental management are expected to be of utmost priority to the assembly. /loixHowever, it was discovered that the bye-laws formulated are not gazette and lack appropriate legiywtieslative instrument to enforce compliance. Thedstduds increasing number of tourists every year has serious environmental consequences on the host communities. Arguably, the global focus on environmentalism and sustainable development present a challenge to the governments on how
to harness the resources of ecotourism without endangering the environment. The regulatory function of local governments ensures that appropriate laws are enacted to regulate behavior at the destinations. However, the regulatory position of ministry of tourism is limited since most tourism centers are not properly reguloewuated leading to indiscriminate pollution of these tourists’ sites. The Human Resource Manager lamented that: The Accra Metropolitan Assembly is not helping the tourism sector at all. It is the responsibility of the metropolitan to keep the city of Accra and other cities very clean. Accra is tourist center in itself because of the presence of administrative and political institutions. So, the city of Accra needs to be clean to attract international tourists. This finding corroborate with Qin et al’s (2011) assertion that the role of local government as the regulator is the weakest among all the roles the local governments are expected to play in sustainable tourism development. This weak enforcement of bye-laws creates a situation for indiscriminate pollution and degradation of the environment. Cumulatively, it presents a gloomy picture of bad nature of the ecosystem and does not attract potential tourists to the destinations. As it is 4.1.4 Public participation
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- Fall '18
- DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
- Ministry of Tourism, Ghana Tourism Authority