1798 July French fleet enters Egypt chased by Lord Nelson Mamluk forces

1798 july french fleet enters egypt chased by lord

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1798, July, French fleet enters Egypt, chased by Lord Nelson. Mamluk forces assemble at the arrival area Abu Kir Disease runs rampant through the french army Lord Nelson arrives July 12-13, Battle of the Pyramids Impact is realized in the first 15 minutes Cavalry decimated August 1st, Lord Nelson sinks the french fleet Napoleon Enters Egypt and attempts to make peace with the people, Arabic printing press Moves up to Syria Leaves back to france and eventually elected first consul and then declared himself Emperor. Lecture Iran gets newspapers due to the introduction of the printing press in the middle east. French discovery of the rosetta stone Able to translate egyptian Beginning of modern archeology Unbelievable change Voyages of exploration changed the european mind, to question Europe vaulted to a superior position Ottoman empire now at a lower position The middle east is just too important to allow any one country (Britain, France or Russia) to control it. Ottoman empire (“the weak man of europe”) given control, because they can be controlled by superior powers Qajar (Succession of 9 Iranian Kings) interested in keeping themselves happy rather than see Iran progress Mohammed al-Wahhab Comes to the conclusion that what has hindered the middle east and caused so many problems is the fact the the middle east had moved away from Sharia teachings. Tribal leader in Sudan, declared that he is the Mahdi Demands a following. Claims to have come to restore Islam in a world that has gone astray Claimed he was commanded by mohammed that he had to pray in the mosques of the islamic world, to bring the islamic world together in blood. 1885 begins his movement.
Takes the city of Khartoum Within a year, Mahdi dies, Rational Approaches M, Abduh Educator Stressed that change was only going to come to the islamic world through education Suggested that Islam be altered to be in better tune with the changes of the times New Religion Baha'i faith Claimed one day that the world will be united politically All religions are one Secular Reactions Fokoli Group of Upper Class Iranians Thought Islam was the problem Dressed western style Amir Qabir First printing press First newspaper Demanded Iran create its own munitions factory Stressed the importance of education Became prime minister Was forced to commit private suicide Lecture 1854-1869 Building the Suez Canal Ferdinand De Lesseps In 1854, puts together a plan and an operation to build a canal Has the support of the Governor of Egypt and his son Ismail When DeLesseps goes to europe for economic support, neither France or Britain show initial support Canal is opened, and there is an expensive celebration Egypt is bankrupt Ismial offers to sell shares of the canal Benjamin Disraeli interested

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