american revolution, large scale public participation with government ● Couldn’t find enough people in italy who support italian unification ● September convention French agree to remove troops from Rome within two years, Sardinians agree to not directly annex the papal states The Scramble for Africa New Imperialism Social Darwinism Quinine Great White Burden Leopold II Kongokonferenz Principle of Effectivity Protectorate New imperialism- movement of Europeans wanting to colonize Africa; more aggressive (rapid) and thorough nature, reliance on military power to subdue natives and maintain control Colonialism vs. Colonization Colonialism - a country takes over another country bc the second country has resources that the first country wants i.e Spanish went to Mexico, made the mexicans work as slaves in the mines, taking the resources from the land, Colonization - people from another country take over an area to expand empire by settling a lot of people in it, an extension of the mother country i.e British and the United States Causes - Economic- countries can sell to other markets, they believed if they weren’t involved they would miss out on resources and markets if they didn’t claim Africa, Africans didn’t want any European goods besides guns but they weren’t selling amo or gun powder - Social Darwinism- survival of the fittest; applied Darwin’s theory of evolution to society, country with most colonies and resources are the strongest and fit to survive, more territories= more fit for survival Maxim- rapid fire machine gun, most important tool in western expansion into africa Quinine- medicine for malaria Malaria was a problem for Europeans going into Africa Steamship/ telegraph- allows for rapid communication and transit from home country to the colony
- Social tension and domestic politics-
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- Spring '08
- Otto Von Bismarck, Crimean War, Napoleon III of France, Franco-Prussian War, Franz Joseph