behaviours are ideal strategies new nations often seek to supplant the hegemons

Behaviours are ideal strategies new nations often

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behaviours are ideal strategies (new nations often seek to supplant the hegemon’s authority), in the long-term, interdependent actions benefit states thereby encouraging them to adapt their behaviours, which improves cooperation in the world order ( Beeson & Higgott 2005: 1179). In light of this, nations are inspired to design global institutions based on the desire to guarantee future payoffs, reduce costs of transactions in global interactions, and the need to have security in
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International Relations 11 uncertain environments. Based on successive dwindling distrusts among states, institutions are viewed as the ideal platforms for long-term collaborative relations in the global political order. Over the past 80 years, the number of states actively involved in international governance has significantly increased. In particular, various segments of the population believe that global organisations are the driving forces of social, political, and economic policies around the globe. In particular, international agencies such as NATO, the United Nations, and the IMF are the forefront in tackling security, development, and poverty issues in the world (Christiansen 2016: 34). Liberal institutionalism is the very antithesis of hegemony. Institutionalism is founded on the premise that world stability is attainable when states put aside their rivalries. Countries ought to work together in finding common grounds and building a stable and safer world. Institutionalists in part recognise that a single nation or nations are incapable of solving the manifold issues they face. In their view, states face a number of transnational concerns such as drugs trade and pollution, which necessitate a globalised response. Notably, the only way nations can solve complicated and multifaceted problems is by tackling their root causes from an international point of view. For example, the problem of illegal asylum seekers requires a harmonised multilateral approach from a coalition of states. While nations can undertake this activity on their own, well-established institutions in the realm of global relations can provide a platform in which nations can cooperate and coordinate various responses ( Destradi 2010: 915). Most of these institutions play major roles in international relations, and as such, their actions can greatly encourage international interdependence. From an institutionalist perspective, global organisations such as the UN, IMF, NATO and WTO bring states together to advance mutual goals and shared interests. These institutions might even include supranational bodies like the European Court of Justice and the
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International Relations 12 European Commission, which exist above the nation-state and have the authority to enforce decisions that bind member states. In light of this, these institutions create the notion of cosmopolitanism whereby the world is viewed as a single community. This ideology emphasises thinking beyond national boundaries, reaching out to others, and going beyond the limits of one- state domination itself. Liberal institutionalism is nestled in the principal view that global
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