Lecture two question three communism has the element

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Lecture Two Question Three Communism has the element of socialism, since it dictates that the state communally (euphemized as “the people”) owns everything. Communism was sought by leaders of the Soviet Russian Republic like Lenin after kicking out the Tsar government. Soviets used communism to consolidate power in the country, while trying to recapture the newly independent Ukraine and Georgia. World War I culminated with Italy and Germany feeling a little more betrayed and discontented. Fascism is founded on the basis of the glory of the nation state and holds some
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 1 4 elements of socialism and nationalism. Italy had supported Entente during WWI, to try and get hold of part of Austria-Hungary and influence the Eastern Europe (MacMillan, 2013). On the contrary, they could not get all they wished for like parts of Yugoslavia. Germany alike had been humiliated by the Versailles treaty, losing territories to Poland, France and even Rhineland, much of which belonged to Germany long before the war. Therefore, fascism emerged as the ‘need’ to soothe the wounded national pride of Germany and Italy. Question Four There are three clear reasons why Germany felt sidelined, even when they thought themselves as being powerful. First, Germans were becoming wary of the Soviet Union’s communism that had waged a wave influence in Europe just after WWI. Allies had threatened Germany to use armistice if it did not withdraw troops from many lands previously captured by Germany such as Poland. Germany was still convinced they had not lost the war, and would jump on any chance to demand repatriation as observed under Hitler. As such, Germany had to counter Russian effect, by clinging on National Socialism. Secondly, the Germans and particularly the Nazi, felt the Jews had stabbed them in the back during the wars (Taylor, 1954). This explains the exclusive persecution of Jews in Germany during the reign of Hitler in the 1930s. Thirdly, following the signing of the Versailles peace treaty, the proposed reparations imposed on Germany were severe, crippling their military ambitions and created a lot of resentment. Extremist groups such as the Nazis and Communists took advantage of the national mood to express their discontentment on the huge chasm the treaty had created with the outside world and restore the glorious vision of Germany, giving rise to National Socialism. Question Five
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 1 5 After the World War I in 1920, the League of Nations was created as an international forum of nations for settling disputes (Fromkin, 2007). Its success could only be judged on the basis of bringing resolutions to social disputes and political conflicts. Due to dominance of France and England in the League of Nations, certain patent issues were thrown to the wind. It was obvious that the Treaty of Versailles did not sit well with many states such as Italy and Japan. To overlook such issues and not ratify them, compelled those nations to defect from it and
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