c Hired workers in towns and cities faced poverty and discontent when their

C hired workers in towns and cities faced poverty and

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c. Hired workers in towns and cities faced poverty and discontent when their wages did not keep up with inflation. d. Peasants, the majority of europeans were not affected until centuries later -Within Europe's growing cities, there were great differences in wealth and power. -Which of the following was not an effect of the Columbian Exchange? a. Enslaved Africans were sent to the Americas. b. American foods were introduced into Europe. c. Capitalism grew. d. Columbus arrived in the Americas. -Which was a cause of European inflation? a. A decrease in population b. An increase in the need for goods and services c. A decrease in the amount of money in circulation d. An overabundance of goods Chapter 4 The Age of Absolutism 1550-1800 How did Spanish power increase under Charles V and Philip II? -Charles V From Spain a. In 1519, Charles V inherited a huge empire. He became king of Spain and was also the heir to the Hapsburg empire. (Hapsburg Dynasty) b. Ruling two empires involved Charles in constant warfare. c. Eventually, Charles gave up his titles and divided his empire. -Philip II From Spain a. During the 42-year reign, Philip worked to expand Spanish influence, strengthen the Catholic Church, and make his own power absolute. b. Philip reigned as an absolute monarch. He asserted that he ruled by divine right . c. Philip saw himself as guardian of the Roman Catholic Church. -The Wars of Philip II, 1571-1588 Economic Decline
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17 -In the 1600s, SPanish power and prosperity declined. a. Lack of Strong Leadership 1. the success of Philip II were far less able leaders than he. b. Economic Problems 1. Costly overseas wars drained wealth out of Spain almost as fast as it came in. 2. Treasure from the americas led spain to neglect farming and commerce 3. The expulsion of muslims and jews from spain deprived the economy of many skilled artisans and merchants. 4. American gold and silver led to soaring inflation Section 2 Rebuilding France -from the 1560s to the 1590s, religious wars between Huguenots (French Protestants) and the catholic majority tore france apart -To protect Protestants, Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes, (gave religious tolerance to huguenots) which granted Huguenots religious toleration and let them fortify their own towns and cities. -Henry then set out to heal the shattered land. Inder Henry, the government reached into every aspect of French life. -By building the royal bureaucracy and reducing the power of nobility, Henry laid the foundation for royal absolutism. How did Louis XIV from France strengthen royal power? -Louis yook the sun as the symbol of his absolute power and was often quoted as saying “L’etat c’est moi” - “i am the state” -During his 72-year reign, Louis did not once call a meeting of the Estates General. -Louis expanded the bureaucracy and appointed intendants , royal officials who collected taxes, recruited soldiers, and carried out Louis/s policies in the provinces.
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  • Fall '16
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