BIOL
Bio Exam Notes Section 5.docx

O gdp per capita increased greatly between 1970 and

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resource extraction and energy consumption needed to support it . o GDP per capita increased greatly between 1970 and 2010, but the number of people  surveyed who considered themselves as 'very happy' as well as the number of people who considered themselves 'not too happy' did not appear to change much from 1970 to 2010 o Materialism/consumerism doesn’t lead to happiness (5) Describe how several products of cultural evolution, involving ‘sacred human beliefs’  can be interpreted as causing about a 300-year delay in the public acceptance of science.  The "sacred human beliefs" are: o Earth is the centre of the universe (heliocentrism) o Human disease are divine judgments on our wickedness (Germ theory) o Humans were created by God and the Earth belongs to us (evolution) o Human history is a tale of benefits achieved through progress and growth (climate  change) Why ppl believe this: o Promoted by cultural evolution, comforting so ppl don’t want to think otherwise o Religion acted as a barrier to the progress of science because what science proposed was  contrary to the principles of religion. Acceptance of scientific evidence was slow primarily because the church had enormous sway in  affecting the beliefs of the general public.
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Science seeks to see the world as it is, not how we would like it to be. Simply the pursuit of  knowledge, sometimes things people would rather not know. This calls us to question the notion  that science is the betterment of society. (6) In BIOL350 we characterized “hard-core Darwinism”. Explain what this involves, and briefly discuss the main reasons that we considered regarding why Darwinism is unlikely ever to become a dominant cultural world-view. Hard core Darwinism: the belief that man is the result of a purposeless and materialistic process  that did not have him in mind. He is a state of matter akin to all of life and indeed to all that is  material. What it involves: o There is no intrinsic, evolutionary meaning to being alive, we simply are.  o We are because of our genes, which is a result of nothing other than the fact that our  antecedents avoided being eliminated. It is almost as if the human brain was designed to misunderstand Darwinism, and to find it hard  to believe. But there should be no surprise or uncertainty in this. It is what Darwinism itself  would predict.
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  • Fall '13
  • L.Aarssen
  • Demography, Evolution, Final Exam Notes, death rates, Low death rates, new epoch humans

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