The two issues they found themselves unable to cover with the original matrixwerefirstly, the activity of the individual as a contributor to the design process, and secondly,the integration of the various design activities.60 Traditions and Origins of Design Manageme ntThis resulted in the development of three new matrices. In using these the authorsdid not attempt to alter significantly the terminology or the structure, merely to arrive ata working tool to record and analyse the two issues described above.These three matrices are shown. The inclusion in Matrices 1 and 2 of a separatecategory for input by professional designerwas one of the final amendments ��and reflectedthe growing awareness of the need to differentiate between activity by professional�designersand all other design activity.�The word design can be, and often is, utilised legitimately in many different activities.Consequently, the word designercannot refer solely to those groups of ��individualswhose education and training overtly equips them to operate as professionaldesigners. With a separate category one can record in matrices 1 and 2 the activity ofan individual who by education and training is qualified to produce design work.Thisdifferentiates between professional designers and all those individuals who are foundto be active agents operationally in the design process irrespective of the degree of cognisanceof their activity.Design Matrix 1, Involvement of steps within artefacts(Figure 3.1), is the ��closestto the original matrix. It allows activity to be recorded in the seven steps of involvementacross the 11 artefact categories. It is important that it is not used to make comparisonsand it operates as a map for the design activity recorded in the other matrices.The second matrix was employed to record relationships at or between activitypoints. This is a very complex matrix as its lengthy title implies, Interaction�betweenartefacts involvement of steps. Each of the seven steps on the vertical axis ��of thefirst matrix uses one of these matrices. Taken together they can be used as a three-dimensionalmodel on the contour map principle, with cumulatively high spots ofend activity forming the peaks of the map. Figure 3.2 shows the basic matrix.However, each of the seven steps of this matrix must first be considered separately.This allows design activity to be considered in relationship to the eleven artefact categories.Figure 3.3 shows an example of the step specifyin an apparel manufacturing��organization. Each square on the matrix is subdivided into two triangles. In certainsquares both sides of the square are filled in; others only on one side. This isdone tosuggest the likely direction of the activity. Research and developmenthave an��activity
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with sourcing, since R&D will test a fabric that has been sourced and only if ��the testis successful will the source be utilized. The major responsibility in the (specify) activityresides in R&D. However, it can also been seen that there is an
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