Use the resources below to answer the questions that follow. Explore More I Mitosis and Meiosis Simulation at ? v=zGVBAHAsjJM (11:53) 1. What are homologous chromosomes ? 1. Chromosomes that are in a pair, have the same size, same shape, contain the same genes. 2. How do the location of specific genes compare between homologous chromosomes ? 1. Wherever the gene is located in homologous chromosome in one cell it is located in the same place as another cell. If the fail to line up next to each other in the same place then that could result in a deformity. 3. What is the outcome from mitosis? 1. The outcome of Mitosis is an offspring. 4. What is a tetrad? Why are they an important feature of meiosis? 1. Two pairs of identical cells next to each other creating a group of 4 cells each of the “cells” are strands of DNA 5. How does meiosis differ between females and males? 1. In males it occurs in the seminiferous tubules of the testicles at puberty. In females in occurs in cells called the oogonia right at birth. Explore More II How Cells Divide at 1. How many daughter cells arise from mitosis? How many daughter cells are produced in meiosis? 1. 2 identical daughter cells are produced in mitosis. 4 genetically different haploid daughter cells are produced in meiosis 2. How does the attachment of spindle fibers differ between mitosis and meiosis I?
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