the head of a family to an invisible entity of great power the Roman state The

The head of a family to an invisible entity of great

This preview shows page 19 - 21 out of 24 pages.

the head of a family to an invisible entity of great power, the Roman state The Legend of Aeneas o Augustus tried to make the new regime appear to be continuation of the old republic, but the old republic ceased to exist o Vergil and Livy were particularly important in Augustus’ cultural program o Vergil and Aeneid Vergil, in his poem the Aeneid , used the legend of Aeneas, the founder of the Roman race, to create a literary document that might rival those of the Greeks, even Homer Vergil didn’t finish the Aeneid before he died and ordered his poem to be burned, but Augustus saved it
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Aeneas was destined to survive the Trojan war; Poseidon saves Aeneas Aeneas had fought for Troy but when the city burned, he escaped to the far West where his Trojan descendants, the Romans, were destined to rule all the lands around them On his journey, Dido , queen of Carthage, attempted to hold him back, but he abandoned her and sailed to Italy where he founded Lavinium in Latium His son Iulus left Lavinium and founded the town of Alba Longa Hundreds of years later the descendants of Aeneas Romulus and Remus , born in Alba Longa, founded the city of Rome The Aeneid opens with an explanation of the ferocious and bitter rivalry that would one day exist between Carthage and Rome Juno – protector of Carthage Venus – mother of Aeneas and sponsor of the Julian clan, favors Rome Aeneas and 12 shiploads of refugees have for 7 years wandered across the Mediterranean Juno persuades Aeolus, king of the winds, to raise a savage storm, which destroys some of Aeneas’ ships, but others reached North Africa Aeneas’ mother, Venus, sends Cupid to breathe passion into Dido, queen of Carthage, for Aeneas At a banquet to honor the newcomers, Aeneas tells Dido the story of the fall of troy: the wooden horse, Sinon, Laocoon, the death of Priam, his own escape through the darkened streets, the disappearance into the shadows of his wife Creusa Carrying his father, Anchises, and the Penates on his shoulders, Aeneas led his son Iulus through the fire and carnage to safety He and other refugees managed to build ships and sail away. They stopped in Thrace, but a ghost warned them away. They sailed to the island of Delos, where Apollo’s oracle told them to seek “the land of the founder of their race, Dardanus.” They believed the land to be Crete, but on Crete a plague beset them. Dardanus was actually born in Italy. Sailing north, the Trojans stop at the island of the Harpies, who make a prediction: They will travel until “hunger makes them eat their tables.” The Trojan refugees then meet the Trojan prophet Helenus, who describes the route to Italy and warns Aeneas to land on its western coast. He must find his city in a secluded valley by a steam, where he’ll find a white sow with 30 piglets A great storm catches them that brings them to Dido’s palace at Carthage Vergil imitates Homer’s Odyssey Dido is inspired with love for Aeneas. One day while out hunting,
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