The licensing process of the first case would take

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The licensing process of the first case would take 180 days, while the second case would last for only 60 days. The FFSC shall be composed of nine members, with chairman and vice- chairman chosen from MARD, four others from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, and Ministry of Health and two scientists expertise in related fields. All plant materials in the scope of this circular shall register for the certificate for one year after the circular takes effect. Several experts agreed that it is necessary to establish a legal framework for the application of GM plants in Vietnam. Some called for a change in viewpoint about GMO as Vietnam has already imported GM corn and soybeans as feed for around a decade. “We’ve imported GM corn, soybeans and soybean meal from the US, Argentina and Brazil, where over 90% of such farm produce for feed are GM products. This means that we’ve consumed food containing modified genes for around one decade, so we should reexamine our view on this issue,” said Dr. Nguyen Quang Thach, a senior lecturer at Hanoi University of Agriculture. The application of GM plants in Vietnam is expected to help increase local productivity and gradually reduce imports of feed materials in the time to come. “Last year, Vietnam imported over four tonnes of soybeans and soybean meal and 1.5 million tonnes of corn. If domestic production could meet demand, feed producers could easily buy materials from local farmers and this would help save their time and money as well,” said Le Ba Lich, Chairman of the Vietnam Animal Feed Association. Several other experts proposed amending the draft circular so as to tightly control the imports of GM crops and simplify procedures for those who seek the certificate while encouraging farmers to expand their production and lower the prices of domestic feed. Beside, GM crops do not help to reduce poverty, even vice versa Believing in the promise of bumper crops, millions of Indian farmers have turned to genetically modified crops. They borrowed money to buy seeds at exorbitant prices because they were convinced that the miracle seeds would
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13 International University, Vietnam National University - HCMC Plant Physiology yield higher yields without pests. However, GM crops are not only devastating. It needs twice as much water. In two dry years, many GM crops wither and die. In the past, when crops fail, farmers can still breed and replant the next year, but with GM crops they can not do that. "We were cheated by donkey breed companies," says Sahebrao Yawiliker, an unpredictable producer whose yields were not as high as they had been, even less than half, while the cost was so high that we were indebted.
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