The literature review that the researchers included

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The literature review that the researchers included does support the research questions. The literature review discusses a training procedure that was used within a school setting. The authors rationales this article usage by discussing how the article explored in-school training that provided praising for teacher’s success and expanding on the possibility to test the training within the facility. Researchers choose to replicate and extend the findings of the literature to best suit staff and residents. The researchers discussed how the literature used Situ training procedures to increase teacher’s use of praise in instruction. The system provided detailed prompts for teachers to use within the classroom, which, researchers felt could be established within the facility for staff to use during mealtimes. Besides the central article included, the authors provided numerous article comparisons and discussed why each article was not used in their research plan. Part 2 What are the dependent variables o The primary dependent variable was the amount of verbal interactions that resulted in positive communication, initiated by staff members. A second dependent variable was the amount of negative interactions initiated by staff members when communicating with residents. The dependent variable was clearly defined as a spoken comment or verbal remark given by Direct care staff to residents that included positive tones (happiness and excitement) that expressed a positive response towards approved behaviors and actions from residents. Interactions included open-ended and closed- ended questions that staff members were told to state to residents. However, these questions were not provided, instead, examples of potential questions were given for clarification. A third dependent variable featured resident’s problem behaviors during mealtimes. This dependent variable was defined based on each Direct care staff’s resident problem behavior: such as one staff member stating their resident has self- injurious behavior. There was not one clear definition for the problem behaviors of residents during mealtime. Are the dependent variables clearly defined? o The primary dependent variable was clearly defined as a spoken comment or verbal remark given by Direct care staff to residents that included positive tones (happiness and excitement) that expressed a positive response towards approved behaviors and actions from residents. Examples of comments that could be implemented were given, however, a list of positive comments and statements used by staff members were not provided, making it difficult to replicate exactly as the authors did. Instead, to replicate, researchers would need to provide an original set of comments and statements to use that personally relates to participants. As for the second dependent variable, it was clearly defined but no guidelines were provided for reproducing the study. Finally, the third dependent variable was not clearly defined since it was based off different participant’s problem behaviors.

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