Martin, Crucible of Zapatismo.pdf

Another half caballeria of unbroken san hip61litos

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to local farmers. Another half caballeria of unbroken San Hip61lito's Olintepec holdings in 1634.8 To the north of the Oaxtepec hospital's mill, San sugar mills early in the seventeenth century. As o owned two parcels of land, one of four caballerias and the jurisdictions of Yautepec and Iztamatitlan resp bordered the Oaxtepec ingenio. After paying composic their title to these lands, the brothers received permi there, despite strenuous opposition from other pla Indians of Yautepec. They soon obtained a license to the Iztamatitlan land, and by 1621 added a sitio de gan property. The brothers then petitioned unsuccessf trapiche into an ingenio. They did, however, install a the 1630s.9 North of these two trapiches, the Hosp gained still more land, within the jurisdiction of t pantla. They purchased at least part of this land Cofradia del Santo Sacramento of Tlalnepantla. He herd of goats and obtained charcoal and firewood During the half century after 1582, then, the Broth expanded their land-holdings through deliberat utilizing whatever favor they could garner from s Mexico City. But converting their lands into profitab posed a far more formidable challenge. Although Chev that "refineries were often founded by religious o necessary capital," including the hip61litos," it is laymen and religious corporations borrowed heavily t 8AGN, Mercedes, Vol. 26, f. 81; AGN, Bienes Nacionales, Vol. 1215 InclAn, Raiz y razdn, pp. 63-64. In a lease for one portion of these lands th lands' ties to the village of Anenecuilco. The document, dated 1626, m question carried an obligation to provide twelve Indian workers on a giv cleaning acequias, or irrigation ditches, in Anenecuilco. 9AGN Mercedes, Vol. 34, ff. 149v-150; Vol. 35, ff. 6-6v, 10-10v, 44 '0AGN, Bienes Nacionales, Vol. 892, exp. 4; Vol. 1116, exp. 2; Vol. 1 11 Land and Society, p. 78. This content downloaded from on Tue, 09 Oct 2018 15:47:10 UTC All use subject to
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CHERYL E. MARTIN 35 mills and procure an adequate force of slav even more capital-poor than other relig 1630, the liberal governmental subsidies came to an end. Unlike nunneries, which steady source of capital, the hip61litos contribute to their order. Although a recen Mexico correctly identifies the hip61lito emphasized that they represented the l brothers had been common sailors or distinctive brown habit of San Hip61lito the brotherhood were unable to offer h for their character and lineage: tailors, we sausage maker and a peanut vendor were prospective hip61litos.'4 The hip61litos' cli help. Most of the brothers' patients wer handsome gifts similar to those bestow placed alumni. The Brothers of San Hip61lito thus had t a variety of outside sources. They forfeited some of their land in exchange for tena Until the mid-1630s, they leased both concessions to lessees in return for mak addition, they borrowed 20,000 pesos a twelve per cent annual interest but the property.'5 Moreover, in 1636 the broth richer ecclesiastical corporations and la imposing increasingly heavy mortgage agreeing to pay five per cent interest.
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  • Spring '14
  • AnitaC.Pritchard
  • Viceroyalty of New Spain, Bienes Nacionales, Cheryl English Martin, HACIENDA HOSPITAL

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