desire of youth to migrate is not directed at a specific country or even

Desire of youth to migrate is not directed at a

This preview shows page 34 - 36 out of 82 pages.

desire of youth to migrate is not directed at a specific country or even continent, but is part of a more general aspiration to leave the region towards a brighter future in Europe, the U.S.A. or Asia. “I have thought of moving to Europe, the U.S.A. or even Asia.” (Male case study participant, internal migrant, Hargeysa). Aware of this, in the latest Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process, representatives of EU countries, the EU Commission and the African Union defined “Assisting the 20 KII Deputy minister of planning Garowe Dec 2014 21 KII PDRC Garowe Dec 2014 22 Ibid.
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35 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration national authorities in stepping up prevention measures, such as information campaigns to improve awareness of risks of irregular migration, with special regards to trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants” as one of the key areas of cooperation. 23 This is also reflected in the strategic direction of most bi-lateral and multi-lateral donors supporting migration projects. IOM and other implementing partners are encouraged to implement awareness raising campaigns intended to curb the flow of irregular migrants from Somaliland particularly towards Europe and the Arabian Peninsula. Three very large billboards of IOM can be found in Hargeysa – as well as 16 other billboards in 7 additional locations – warning of the risks of tahrib (clandestine migration, generally through smugglers), the same information is displayed at the Migration Response Centre. Although such campaigns are useful in that they inform the population of the risks of irregular migration, the common agreement among stakeholders was that i) awareness campaigns might contribute to change the perception of the risk on the long- run but they are unlikely to have any short-term or structural impact; ii) success stories of peers who managed to get to “the promised land” have much more impact on the decision to migrate irregularly – irrespective of the risks involved. This cognitive dissonance phenomenon is synthesised by a key informant, “ Somalis say: seeing is believing . That’s why they go even though they know it will be difficult.” (SONYO, Hargeysa). “I am in touch with some of the family members. They are doing fine. All of them are working and seem to be doing fine. Some complain about life being tough and having very little time for themselves to relax. But other than that, they are okay.” (Female case study participant, alumnus of IOM Internship Programme, Burao) Therefore, there is a common understanding among implementing partners and Somaliland’s administration that only successful livelihood programmes are likely to reduce the number of irregular migrants from Somaliland, rather than awareness raising projects.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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