Three Contributions from Kohlbergs Theory Kohlberg agreed with Piagets theory

Three contributions from kohlbergs theory kohlberg

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Three Contributions from Kohlberg’s TheoryKohlberg agreed with Piaget’s theory of moral development hence his reason for wanting to his explore his ideas further. In Kohlberg’s approach he sought to seek answers to moral dilemmas that occurred between boys and girls (Fleming,2006). According to Kohlberg, moral dilemmas should be accessed by analyzing the concepts of life, law, morality, conscience, punishment, contract and authority (Walker,1984). One of Kohlberg’s most argued opinions was that it was impossible to study morality without coming to grips with philosophy (Fleming 2006). Kohlberg thought the theory of moral development would be more understood if he built on Piaget’s two stages of moral development in which he expanded into six stages with three structural levels.Kohlberg contributed to our understanding of the concepts of moral development throughhis exploration of morality. He believed that morality is developed in stages. Level one of his theory is called Pre-Conventional Morality where behavior is guided by rewards and punishment. Stage 1 of Level one is called “Punishment and Obedience” which consists of obeying those who have authority over you. Whereas stage two is called “Instrumentalism” it is in this stage that children understand that there is some benefit to cooperation (Fleming ,2006). Level two is referenced to as Conventional Morality, “At this level the child begins to grasp social rules and gains a more objective perspective on right and wrong (Fleming, 2006, p.8). Stages 3 and 4 falls under level two. Stage 3 states that behavior is motivated through social factors and interpersonal relationships with peers. Stage 4 or “Law & Order” is centered around doing one’s duty (Fleming,2006).
KOHLBERG'S MORAL DEVELOPMENT4Level three being the last and final level is called Post-Conventional Morality. According to Kohlberg this level of moral reasoning is as far as most people get because at this level the emphasis is no longer what society deems as moral but rather on personal or idealized principles (Flemings,2006). Stage 5 states that laws and contracts are created for the greater good of the citizens and stage 6 or otherwise called “Universal Ethical Principles” is not governed by rules and laws but by an individual’s self-chosen principles or self-developed moral guidelines (Fleming,2006). Kohlberg’s theory is truly one of cognitive development with the emphasis of learned behaviors. Although research normally supports Kohlberg’s theory, there has been some criticism and limitations to his theory.

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