In spring of 1814 napoleon was defeated, enabling the British to increase their forces in North America, marching to the White House and setting it on fire. They tried to take Baltimore but Fort McHenry survived the night of bombardment, this is in the ‘star spangled banner’ (made by Francis Scott Key.March 1814, Andrew Jackson led southern troops at the Battle of Horseshoe bend in now what we call Alabama. Jackson ended the Creek nation’s power (allies to Britain) and opened the land to white settlers by killing natives. British effort to control the mississipi river was stopped by Jackson leading white, free black, and creole soldiers although the victory didn’t mean much. The Battle of New Orleans was fought on January 8th, 1815 two weeks after the war treaty was signedin Ghent, Belgium.3d) The Treaty of GhentBoth sides were tired, the British were weary and the americans unsure of victory so they signed the treaty on Christmas eve, 1814. They returned all prewar territory and acknowledge Canada as a separate entity from the U.S.The treaty was ratified by the senate in 1815. Britain made no effort to stop impressment, blockades, and other sea related things. The war ended in a stalemate with no benefits.3e) The Hartford ConcessionNew England threatened to secede just before the war ended, federalists demanded the constitution be amended to include secession, because of this a convention was held in Hartford, Connecticut in December 1814. They disagreed but did put in place proposals to limit DR influence in the west. 2/3s of both houses need to vote in favor of war to be able togo to war.
Ch 7 cornell notes D.Egea p6Because of Jackson’s victory of new orleans and the Treaty of Ghent criticism vanished and weakened ‘unpatriotic’ Federalists.3f) The War’s LegacyConsequences of the war:1)U.S. gained respect from other countries by surviving 2 wars w Britain2)U.s. accepted Canada as part of brit empire3)Denounced seccesion, federalist power ends4)Nullification and seccesion inspired the south later5)American Indians surrendered to white settlement when abandoned by British6)U.s. factories developed for industrial self sufficiency after the British blockading them7)New gen of political leaders because of Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison8)Nationalism grew stronger as America focused on itself instead of Europe.